Ibrahim Tekdemir

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OBJECTIVE During its course between the brainstem and the lateral rectus muscle, the abducens nerve usually travels forward as a single trunk, but it is not uncommon for the nerve to split into two branches. The objective of this study was to establish the incidence and the clinical importance of the duplication of the nerve. METHODS The study was(More)
OBJECTIVE Although several clinical applications of transpedicular screw fixation in the cervical spine have been documented recently, few anatomic studies concerning the cervical pedicle are available. This study was designed to evaluate the anatomy and adjacent neural relationships of the middle and lower cervical pedicle (C3-C7). The main objective is to(More)
BACKGROUND Several authors have defined a variety of so-called safe zones for deltoid-splitting incisions. The first aim of the present study was to investigate the distance of the axillary nerve from the acromion and its relation to arm length. The second aim was to identify a safe area for the axillary nerve during surgical dissection of the deltoid(More)
BACKGROUND The corona mortis is defined as the vascular connections between the obturator and external iliac systems. While detailed information on the arterial anastomoses in corona mortis is available, a complete description of the venous system is lacking. Although the tiny anastomoses behind the pubic symphysis between the obturator and external iliac(More)
The peripheral, extraparotid course and localisation of the marginal mandibular branch of the facial n. is described, with variations, based on the dissection of 40 cadaver half heads. Its anatomical relationships with the ramus of mandible and facial a. are studied and morphometric features are reported. Knowledge of the accurate course and relationship of(More)
The authors investigated the reliability of the safe area, which previously was defined to prevent injury to the superior gluteal nerve during the lateral approach to the hip, and its relation to body height. The distance between the point of entry of the superior gluteal nerve into the gluteus medius muscle and the greater trochanter, in the regions which(More)
OBJECT The vascularization pattern of the anatomy of the distal anterior cerebral artery (ACA) remains a subject of debate. The authors provide detailed information about the distal ACA and shed light on issues concerning it that have not previously been adequately discussed. METHODS Fifty adult human brains (100 hemispheres) were obtained during routine(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to explore effects of implant macrodesign and diameter on initial intraosseous stability and interface mechanical properties of immediately placed implants. MATERIAL AND METHOD Mandibular premolars of four fresh-frozen human cadavers were extracted. Ø 4.1/4.8 mm ITI TE, Ø 4.1 and 4.8 mm solid screw synOcta ITI(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine and to standardize the certain anatomical relations, and the precise size, course, and location of the infraorbital foramen, canal, and groove for facilitating surgical and invasive procedures. STUDY DESIGN This anatomical study consisted of two main steps, namely, the examination of skulls and the cephalometric analysis of the(More)
The anatomy of the nasolacrimal duct (NLD) in relation with the lateral nasal wall was studied in 15 half-heads of human adult cadavers by serial photographs of the dissection of the lateral nasal wall. The aim of the study was to determine the intranasal anatomical relationships of the NLD with the lateral nasal wall for surgical reference during(More)