Ibrahim T El-Serafi

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INTRODUCTION Cyclophosphamide is commonly used as an important component in conditioning prior to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, a curative treatment for several hematological diseases. Cyclophosphamide is a prodrug activated mainly by cytochrome P450 2B6 (CYP2B6) in the liver. A high degree of inter- and intra-individual variation in(More)
We have developed biodegradable polymeric vesicles as a nanocarrier system for multimodal bio-imaging and anticancer drug delivery. The poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) vesicles were fabricated by encapsulating inorganic imaging agents of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION), manganese-doped zinc sulfide (Mn:ZnS) quantum dots (QDs) and the(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) of the first dose of busulphan during conditioning prior to allogeneic stem cell transplantation provides the possibility of improving the clinical outcome via dose adjustment of subsequent doses. The plasma area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) for busulphan is generally accepted as the(More)
The role of cytochrome P450 2J2 (CYP2J2) in cyclophosphamide (Cy) bioactivation was investigated in patients, cells and microsomes. Gene expression analysis showed that CYP2J2 mRNA expression was significantly (P<0.01) higher in 20 patients with hematological malignancies compared with healthy controls. CYP2J2 expression showed significant upregulation(More)
Few data have been published regarding posaconazole tissue concentrations in humans. We analyzed tissue concentrations in biopsy specimens taken at autopsy from seven patients who received posaconazole prophylaxis because of graft-versus-host disease. The results were compared to plasma concentrations collected before death. Tissue concentrations suggestive(More)
Busulphan is an alkylating agent used as conditioning regimen prior to stem cell transplantation. Busulphan is metabolized in the liver and four major metabolites have been identified. The first metabolite is tetrahydrothiophene which is oxidized to tetrahydrothiophene 1-oxide, then sulfolane and finally 3-hydroxy sulfolane. Despite the low molecular weight(More)
BACKGROUND Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is a curative treatment for several haematological malignancies. However, treatment related morbidity and mortality still is a limiting factor. Cyclophosphamide is widely used in condition regimens either in combination with other chemotherapy or with total body irradiation. METHODS We present the gene(More)
CR8 is a second generation inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinases derived from roscovitine. CR8 was shown to be 50–100 fold more potent than roscovitine in inducing apoptosis in different tumor cell lines. In the present investigation, we have established an analytical method for the quantification of CR8 in biological samples and evaluated its(More)
BACKGROUND Multifunctional nanocarriers for controlled drug delivery, imaging of disease development and follow-up of treatment efficacy are promising novel tools for disease diagnosis and treatment. In the current investigation, we present a multifunctional theranostic nanocarrier system for anticancer drug delivery and molecular imaging. Superparamagnetic(More)
Skin regeneration is a life-saving need for many patients, whom list is stretched from burn victims to motor-car accidents. Spraying cells, either keratinocytes or stem cells, were associated with variable results and, in many cases, unfavorable outcomes. As the spatial configuration of the skin is distinctive, many trials investigated the bio-printing or(More)