Ibrahim S. Al-Zakwani

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BACKGROUND Despite the high burden of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Oman, there are scarce data from a nationally representative sample on the level of glycaemia and other cardiovascular (CVD) risk factor control. OBJECTIVE To estimate the proportion of patients with T2DM at goal for glycaemia and CVD risk factors using the National Diabetes(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of this research is to quantify the association between direct medical costs attributable to type 2 diabetes and level of glycemic control. METHODS A longitudinal analysis using a large health plan administrative database was performed. The index date was defined as the first date of diabetes diagnosis and individuals had to have(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence, predictors, and impact of low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) on in-hospital outcomes among acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients in the Middle East. METHODS Data were collected prospectively from 6,266 consecutive patients admitted with a diagnosis of ACS and enrolled in the Gulf Registry of Acute(More)
BACKGROUND There is paucity of data on heart failure (HF) in the Gulf Middle East. The present paper describes the rationale, design, methodology and hospital characteristics of the first Gulf acute heart failure registry (Gulf CARE). MATERIALS AND METHODS Gulf CARE is a prospective, multicenter, multinational registry of patients >18 year of age admitted(More)
BACKGROUND Errors have been the concern of providers and consumers of health care services. However, consumers' perception of medical errors in developing countries is rarely explored. The aim of this study is to assess community members' perceptions about medical errors and to analyse the factors affecting this perception in one Middle East country, Oman.(More)
AIM There is a dearth of research from non-Western populations focusing on neurocognitive functioning in patients presenting with undifferentiated somatoform disorders. The aim of the present quest is to examine the presence of cognitive impairment and other health-related parameters among attendees at psychiatric settings in Oman, an Arab/Islamic country,(More)
BACKGROUND Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) is a useful method for evaluating multinodular goiter; however, its role is still controversial. The aim of this study was to assess the utility of ultrasound-guided thyroid FNA in detecting malignancy in patients with multinodular goiter in Oman. MATERIALS AND METHODS This was a retrospective study where all(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the prevalence, risk factors, presenting features, and in-hospital outcomes of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients ≤40 years of age from Oman. METHODS Data were analyzed from 1579 consecutive ACS patients from Oman during May, 2006 to June, 2007, as part of Gulf RACE (Registry of Acute Coronary Events). ACS patients ≤40 years of age(More)
BACKGROUND There is a worldwide variation in the prevalence and subtype distribution of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) which may be affected by ethnicity and genetic factors. The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence, subtype distribution and characteristic features of JIA among Omani children and to compare our results with other ethnic(More)
BACKGROUND Fatalities from road traffic crashes (RTCs) are a public health challenge for low- and middle-income countries, especially those experiencing epidemiological transition. This paper aims to describe demographics and trend analysis of fatalities of RTCs in Oman from 1995 to 2009. METHODS The RTC data from 1995 to 2009 were obtained from the(More)