Ibrahim Matta

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Effective engineering of the Internet is predicated upon a detailed understanding of issues such as the large-scale structure of its underlying physical topology, the manner in which it evolves over time, and the way in which its constituent components contribute to its overall function. Unfortunately, developing a deep understanding of these issues has(More)
We study the impact of heterogeneity of nodes, in terms of their energy, in wireless sensor networks that are hierarchically clustered. In these networks some of the nodes become cluster heads, aggregate the data of their cluster members and transmit it to the sink. We assume that a percentage of the population of sensor nodes is equipped with additional(More)
Effective engineering of the Internet is predicated upon a detailed understanding of issues such as the large-scale structure of its underlying physical topology, the manner in which it evolves over time, and the way in which its constituent components contribute to its overall function. Unfortunately, developing a deep understanding of these issues has(More)
Recent empirical studies [6] have shown that Internet topologies exhibit power laws of the form <i>y</i> = <i>x</i> <sup>&alpha;</sup> for the following relationships: (P1) outdegree of node (domain or router) versus rank; (P2) number of nodes versus outdegree; (P3) number of node pairs within a neighborhood versus neighborhood size (in hops); and (P4)(More)
Recent measurement based studies reveal that most of the Internet connections are short in terms of the amount of traffic they carry (mice), while a small fraction of the connections are carrying a large portion of the traffic (elephants). A careful study of the TCP protocol shows that without help from an Active Queue Management (AQM) policy, short(More)
End-to-End differentiation between wireless and congestion loss can equip TCP control so it operates effectively in a hybrid wired/wireless environment. Our approach integrates two techniques: packet loss pairs (PLP) and Hidden Markov Modeling (HMM). A packet loss pair is formed by two back-to-back packets, where one packet is lost while the second packet(More)
One relatively unexplored question about the Internet’s physical structure concerns the geographical location of its components: routers and links. We study this question using two large inventories of Internet routers and links. We first map each router to its geographical location using two different state-ofthe-art tools. We then study the relationship(More)
We expose an unorthodox adversarial attack that exploits the transients of a system's adaptive behavior, as opposed to its limited steady-state capacity. We show that a well orchestrated attack could introduce significant inefficiencies that could potentially deprive a network element from much of its capacity, or significantly reduce its service quality,(More)
The current congestion-oriented design of TCP hinders its ability to perform well in hybrid wireless/wired networks. We propose a new improvement on TCP NewReno (NewReno-FF) using a new loss labeling technique to discriminate wireless from congestion losses. The proposed technique is based on the estimation of average and variance of the round trip time(More)