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We recently reported that norepinephrine and angiotensin II activate the Ras/mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase pathway through generation of a cytochrome P450 (CYP450) and lipoxygenase metabolites. The purpose of this study was to determine the contribution of Ras/MAP kinase to deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt-induced hypertension in rats.(More)
RNA interference (RNAi) is an evolutionary conserved cellular process for the regulation of gene expression. In mammalian cells, RNAi is induced via short (21-23 nt) duplexes of RNA, termed small interfering RNA (siRNA), that can elicit highly sequence-specific gene silencing. However, synthetic siRNA duplexes are polyanionic macromolecules that do not(More)
Norepinephrine (NE) and angiotensin II (Ang II), by promoting extracellular Ca2+ influx, increase Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent kinase II (CaMKII) activity, leading to activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2), resulting in release of arachidonic acid (AA) for prostacyclin synthesis in rabbit vascular smooth(More)
We examined the influence of chronic treatment with ANG-(1-7) on development of hypertension and end-organ damage in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) chronically treated with the nitric oxide synthesis inhibitor L-NAME (SHR-L-NAME). L-NAME administered orally (80 mg/l) for 4 wk significantly elevated mean arterial pressure (MAP) compared with SHR(More)
The mechanisms by which angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)] exerts its beneficial effects on end-organ damage associated with diabetes and hypertension are not well understood. The purpose of this study was A) to compare the effects of apocynin with Ang-(1-7) on renal vascular dysfunction and NADPH oxidase activity in a combined model of diabetes and hypertension(More)
We reported that norepinephrine and angiotensin II (Ang II) activate the Ras/mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase pathway primarily through the generation of cytochrome P450 (CYP450) metabolites. The purpose of the present study was to determine the contribution of Ras and CYP450 to Ang II-dependent hypertension in rats. Infusion of Ang II (350 ng/min for(More)
Norepinephrine (NE) stimulates release of arachidonic acid (AA) from tissue lipids in blood vessels, which is metabolized via cyclooxygenase, lipoxygenase (LO), and cytochrome P-450 (CYP-450) pathways to biologically active products. Moreover, NE and AA have been shown to stimulate proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) of rat aorta. The(More)
This study characterized the effects of diabetes and/or ischemia on epidermal growth factor receptor, EGFR, and/or erbB2 signaling pathways on cardiac function. Isolated heart perfusion model of global ischemia was used to study the effect of chronic inhibition or acute activation of EGFR/erbB2 signaling on cardiac function in a rat model of type-1(More)
The influence of chronic treatment with the angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor enalapril on blood pressure, kidney function, and survival was examined in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP). Male SHRSP that were fed a Japanese rat chow plus a 1% NaCl drinking solution beginning at 7-8 weeks of age developed severe hypertension(More)
The current treatment of asthma is far from optimal and there is a need for novel therapeutic approaches. NFkB has recently been highlighted as an important pro-inflammatory transcriptional factor and its blockade is believed to represent a new therapeutic approach for asthma. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of blocking the actions(More)