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We recently reported that norepinephrine and angiotensin II activate the Ras/mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase pathway through generation of a cytochrome P450 (CYP450) and lipoxygenase metabolites. The purpose of this study was to determine the contribution of Ras/MAP kinase to deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt-induced hypertension in rats.(More)
The influence of chronic treatment with the angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor enalapril on blood pressure, kidney function, and survival was examined in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP). Male SHRSP that were fed a Japanese rat chow plus a 1% NaCl drinking solution beginning at 7-8 weeks of age developed severe hypertension(More)
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that treatment with angiotensin-(1-7) [ANG-(1-7)] or ANG-(1-7) nonpeptide analog AVE-0991 can produce protection against diabetes-induced cardiovascular dysfunction. We examined the influence of chronic treatment (4 wk) with ANG-(1-7) (576 microg.kg(-1).day(-1) ip) or AVE-0991 (576 microg.kg(-1).day(-1) ip)(More)
Sequence-specific gene silencing using small interfering RNA (siRNA) is a Nobel prize-winning technology that is now being evaluated in clinical trials as a potentially novel therapeutic strategy. This article provides an overview of the major pharmaceutical challenges facing siRNA therapeutics, focusing on the delivery strategies for synthetic siRNA(More)
This study characterized the effects of diabetes and/or ischemia on epidermal growth factor receptor, EGFR, and/or erbB2 signaling pathways on cardiac function. Isolated heart perfusion model of global ischemia was used to study the effect of chronic inhibition or acute activation of EGFR/erbB2 signaling on cardiac function in a rat model of type-1(More)
Phospholipase D (PLD) activity is regulated by phosphatidylinositol 4,5-biphosphate, protein kinase C (PKC), ADP-ribosylation factor, and Rho. The present study was designed to investigate the mechanism of norepinephrine (NE)-mediated PLD activation in rabbit aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). NE (10 microM) caused activation of PLD, as measured by(More)
We have previously shown that chronic treatment with angiotensin-(1–7) [Ang-(1–7)] can prevent diabetes-induced cardiovascular dysfunction. However, effect of Ang-(1–7) treatment on diabetes-induced alterations in the CNS is unknown. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that treatment with Ang-(1–7) can produce protection against(More)
Cardiovascular diseases are one of the principal causes of death and disability in people with spinal cord injury (SCI). The present study was designed to investigate if acute treatment with FPTIII (an inhibitor of Ras-GTPase farnesylation) or MG132 (an inhibitor of ubiquitin-proteasome pathway [UPS]) or administration of angiotensin-(1-7), also known as(More)
We have reported that norepinephrine (NE) and angiotensin II (Ang II) increase CaM kinase II activity, which, in turn, activates cytosolic phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) and releases arachidonic acid. The products of arachidonic acid generated via cytochrome P-450 and lipoxygenase contribute to the development of hypertension and vascular smooth muscle cell(More)