Ibrahim Bilal Muhammad

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BACKGROUND Osteoblast apoptosis induced by oxidative stress plays a crucial role in the development and progression of osteoporosis. Curcumin, a natural antioxidant isolated from Curcuma longa, has highly protective effects against osteoporosis. However, the effects of curcumin on oxidative stress-induced osteoblast apoptosis remain unclear. This study(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effect of maleic acid (MA) on the cleaning efficacy and mechanical properties of root canal dentine with respect to different time exposure. MATERIALS AND METHODS One hundred and eighty single-canal premolars were instrumented with rotary-files and then randomly assigned to test groups receiving 7% MA for 30 s, 45 s, 1 min, or 3(More)
Sickle cell anaemia is one of the commonest causes of anaemia in sub-Saharan Africa. It causes significant morbidity and mortality, commoner in black Africa, but due to increase medical care, the life expectancy is on increase. Several studies have been carried out on sickle cell anaemia (SCA) nationally and internationally. This present study determined(More)
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