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BACKGROUND Inherited hearing impairment affects about 1 in 2000 newborns. Up to 50 percent of all patients with autosomal recessive nonsyndromic prelingual deafness in different populations have mutations in the gene encoding the gap-junction protein connexin 26 (GJB2) at locus DFNB1 on chromosome 13q12. However, a large fraction (10 to 42 percent) of(More)
Identification of the pathogenic mutations underlying autosomal recessive nonsyndromic hearing loss (ARNSHL) is difficult, since causative mutations in 39 different genes have so far been reported. After excluding mutations in the most common ARNSHL gene, GJB2, via Sanger sequencing, we performed whole-exome sequencing (WES) in 30 individuals from 20(More)
PURPOSE Autosomal recessive nonsyndromic deafness (ARNSD) is characterized by a high degree of genetic heterogeneity, with reported mutations in 58 different genes. This study was designed to detect deafness-causing variants in a multiethnic cohort with ARNSD by using whole-exome sequencing (WES). METHODS After excluding mutations in the most common gene,(More)
Constitutional mutations in the RB1 gene predispose to retinoblastoma development. Hence genetic screening of retinoblastoma patients and relatives is important for genetic counseling purposes. In addition, RB1 gene mutation studies may help decipher the molecular mechanisms leading to tumors with different degrees of penetrance or expressivity. In the(More)
Precise identification of the pathogenic character of germline mutations in the retinoblastoma gene (RB1) is fundamental to provide genetic counselling to patients at risk of developing retinoblastoma. In contrast to bona fide oncogenic RB1 mutations like nonsense or frameshift mutations, and those affecting invariant dinucleotides at splice sites, intronic(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to elucidate the involvement of mutations in three relatively common deafness genes in Mexican individuals with non-syndromic hearing loss. METHODS We sequenced GJB2 for mutations, screened for two deletions involving GJB6, del(GJB6-D13S1830) and del(GJB6-D13S1854), and for the m.1555A>G mutation in the MTRNR1 gene in(More)
Hearing loss is the most common sensory deficit in humans with causative variants in over 140 genes. With few exceptions, however, the population-specific distribution for many of the identified variants/genes is unclear. Until recently, the extensive genetic and clinical heterogeneity of deafness precluded comprehensive genetic analysis. Here, using a(More)
Mutations in the POU3F4 gene cause X-linked deafness type 3 (DFN3), which is characterized by inner ear anomalies. Three Turkish, one Ecuadorian, and one Nigerian families were included based on either inner ear anomalies detected in probands or X-linked family histories. Exome sequencing and/or Sanger sequencing were performed in order to identify the(More)
Over 5% of the world's population has varying degrees of hearing loss. Mutations in GJB2 are the most common cause of autosomal recessive non-syndromic hearing loss (ARNHL) in many populations. The frequency and type of mutations are influenced by ethnicity. Guatemala is a multi-ethnic country with four major populations: Maya, Ladino, Xinca, and Garifuna.(More)