Ianina Scheer

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VH and MTS are the neuroimaging hallmarks of JSRD. We aimed to look at the full spectrum of neuroimaging findings in JSRD and reviewed the MR imaging of 75 patients with JSRD, including 13 siblings and 4 patients with OFD VI. All patients had VH and enlargement of the fourth ventricle. The degree of VH and the form of the MTS were variable. In most(More)
Glutamine synthetase (GS) is ubiquitously expressed in mammalian organisms and is a key enzyme in nitrogen metabolism. It is the only known enzyme capable of synthesising glutamine, an amino acid with many critical roles in the human organism. A defect in GLUL, encoding for GS, leads to congenital systemic glutamine deficiency and has been described in(More)
Oral-Facial-Digital Syndrome type VI (OFD VI) represents a rare phenotypic subtype of Joubert syndrome and related disorders (JSRD). In the original report polydactyly, oral findings, intellectual disability, and absence of the cerebellar vermis at post-mortem characterized the syndrome. Subsequently, the molar tooth sign (MTS) has been found in patients(More)
In contrast to malformations, cerebellar disruptions have attracted little interest in the literature. We draw attention for the first time to the hypothesis that cerebellar clefts are residual changes following a prenatal cerebellar insult, and represent disruptions. We reviewed the clinical records and MR findings of six patients with a cerebellar cleft,(More)
Background. Spiral CT of the chest is an imaging technique with unequivocal indications and proven higher sensitivity and specificity than conventional chest X-rays. However, particularly in children, attempts should be made to reduce radiation exposure to a minimum. Objective. To evaluate whether a low-dose technique in spiral CT scanning results in(More)
Progressive multicystic encephalopathy following prenatal or perinatal hypoxia-ischemia is a well-described phenomenon in the literature. The authors report on a term infant with a devastating encephalopathy and severe neuronal dysfunction immediately after delivery without a known antecedent of prenatal or perinatal hypoxia or distress. Clinical and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cerebellar atrophy is considered the most prominent neuroradiologic finding in Marinesco-Sjögren syndrome (MSS). Our purpose was to investigate this neuroradiologic feature in a series of patients with MSS. METHODS Five patients with MSS (age range, 5-19 years) underwent native MR imaging of the brain. The findings were assessed(More)
Increasing use of neuroimaging in children has led to more incidental findings of CNS mass lesions, the management of which is uncertain. The authors' aims in this study are to describe these mass lesions and their evolution, as well as to discuss the management options and determine the prevalence of incidental CNS mass lesions at their pediatric clinic. A(More)
Pompe disease is a rare lysosomal glycogen storage disorder characterized by deficiency of acid α-glucosidase enzyme (GAA) and caused by mutations in the GAA gene. Infantile-type Pompe disease is a multiorgan disorder presenting with cardiomyopathy, hypotonia, and muscular weakness, which is usually fatal. Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) with recombinant(More)
Extracerebral masses involving the skull base in children and adolescents are rare. We report on a 4-month-old infant who was diagnosed with a large extracerebral mass in the anterior fossa. Subtotal resection to prevent impending blindness was complicated by almost fatal bleeding. Histopathologically, vessel malformation, epitheloid hemangioendothelioma,(More)