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Technological and clinical advances have led to increased levels of patient dependency and shorter hospital stay, such that they are now often managed on general wards. Have staff been trained or educated for this change in focus? This project was designed to identify the education and training needs of health care professionals in assessing and managing(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide an update on glycaemic control in European patients with type 2 diabetes based on data from the nine-country, cross-sectional PANORAMA study (NCT00916513). DESIGN Post-hoc analysis to report the number of patients achieving/not achieving glycaemic goal (HbA(1c) <7%). PATIENTS Patients were randomly or consecutively selected from(More)
Starting with an adjoint pair of operators, under suitable abstract versions of standard PDE hypotheses, we consider the Weyl M-function of extensions of the operators. The extensions are determined by abstract boundary conditions and we establish results on the relationship between the M-function as an analytic function of a spectral parameter and the(More)
Resource needs for patients with renal failure change as policies vary and survival improves. Thus a model was developed to estimate the facilities (number of beds) needed for such patients in the North-west Region; national resource needs could be obtained by multiplying the regional needs by eleven. The model predicted an unforeseen demand for hospital(More)
This paper will define immediate care and outline its development in the UK. The training needs for Accident and Emergency (A & E) nurses involved in pre-hospital care will be discussed. The importance of personal safety will be emphasised as will the safety of the scene and that of the patient. Equipment used in the pre-hospital environment will be(More)
INTRODUCTION Unintentional methotrexate (MTX) acute oral overdose is rarely reported. METHODS We conducted a retrospective chart review of all human exposure calls (>150,000 charts) for MTX ingestions reported to our Poison Center during 2000-2003. RESULTS Thirteen patients met the criteria. The average amount of MTX ingested was 13.03 mg (data from 7(More)
We introduce four new general optimization algorithms based on thèdemon' algorithm from statistical physics and the simulated annealing (SA) optimization method. These algorithms use a computationally simpler acceptance function, but can use any SA annealing schedule or move generation function. Computation per trial is signiicantly reduced. The algorithms(More)
Starting with an adjoint pair of operators, under suitable abstract versions of standard PDE hypotheses we define an M-function and establish results on the relationship between the M-function as an analytic function of a spectral parameter and the spectrum of a corresponding operator determined by abstract boundary conditions. We also give an example where(More)
Description of the research: Spectral problems are often classified as 'selfadjoint' or 'non-selfadjoint' depending on whether they describe time-dependent systems which conserve or fail to conserve energy. Non-selfadjoint operators and associated spectral problems arise naturally in many physical application areas, such as hydrodynamics,(More)