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Autosomal dominant periodic fever syndromes are characterized by unexplained episodes of fever and severe localized inflammation. In seven affected families, we found six different missense mutations of the 55 kDa tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR1), five of which disrupt conserved extracellular disulfide bonds. Soluble plasma TNFR1 levels in patients(More)
The normally functioning immune system is subject to intricate networks of regulatory mechanisms: it is therefore not surprising to find that autoimmune diseases present a complex pathogenic picture in which the relative contributions of various factors probably determine the precise nature and course of disease. This is particularly evident in the effector(More)
We propose a quantitative theory of microscope interferometry where the specimen is illuminated by a cone of monochromatic light of solid angle 0 - 100 degree, corresponding to an illuminating numerical aperture of 0 to approximately 1.2. Computed results compare favorably with photometric measurements of fringe irradiance for a water wedge 0 - 2,000-nm(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-6, TNF-alpha, IL-1beta, IL-8, IL-10 and IL-12p70 in the plasma of patients with TNF receptor-associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS) in relation to CRP levels and treatment with etanercept. METHODS Cytokine concentrations were measured in sequential plasma samples obtained from eight(More)
Cytokines are important modulators of immunological reactions, but it has been postulated that they might act on other unrelated epithelial cells. We studied the effects of recombinant interferon-gamma (rIFN gamma) and recombinant tumor necrosis factor-alpha (rTNF alpha) on normal human thyroid cells. We found that the combination of these two cytokines(More)
An introductory clinical trial of the anti-oestrogenic agent IC146474 in late or recurrent carcinoma of the breast is described.Forty-six patients have been treated, of whom 10 have shown a good response. This is of the same order as that seen with oestrogens and androgens.The particular advantage of this drug is the low incidence of troublesome side(More)
The generation of an autoimmune response against islet beta-cells is central to the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes mellitus, and this response is driven by the stimulation of autoreactive lymphocytes by components of the beta-cells themselves. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been implicated in the beta-cell destruction which leads to type 1 diabetes and(More)
A meningococcal genomic expression library was screened for potent CD4+ T-cell antigens, using patients' peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs). One of the most promising positive clones was fully characterized. The recombinant meningococcal DNA contained a single, incomplete, open reading frame (ORF), which was fully reconstructed with reference to available(More)
With the decreasing incidence of carcinoma of the uterine cervix, at least in North America, and with a small but definite increase in endometrial carcinoma, the latter is now the more common tumour and deserves to take the spotlight. The papers delivered at a meeting in Louisville, Kentucky in November 1975 are collected in this volume. Most authors are(More)