Ian T. Crosby

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While the general features of HIV-1 integrase function are understood, there is still uncertainty about the composition of the integration complex and how integrase interacts with viral and host DNA. We propose an improved model of the integration complex based on current experimental evidence including a comparison with the homologous Tn5 transposase(More)
We report the development of homology models of dopamine (D(2), D(3), and D(4)), serotonin (5-HT(1B), 5-HT(2A), 5-HT(2B), and 5-HT(2C)), histamine (H(1)), and muscarinic (M(1)) receptors, based on the high-resolution structure of the beta(2)-adrenergic receptor. The homology models were built and refined using Prime. We have addressed the required modeling(More)
The treatment of schizophrenia, one of the most debilitating mental illnesses, began by the serendipitous discovery of chlorpromazine. Since then, researchers have endeavored to find the cause of the illness but it remains unresolved. As a result, literature on the etiology of schizophrenia is littered with hypotheses and theories that are constantly(More)
Schizophrenia is a debilitating mental disease affecting approximately 1% of the population worldwide. Since the discovery of the first modern treatment for schizophrenia, chlorpromazine, in 1952 there have been many new structures investigated, only a small fraction of which have resulted in clinically useful drugs. Of these, haloperidol may be regarded as(More)
Platensimycin was recently discovered by Merck Research Laboratories and has created considerable interest given its potent antibacterial activity and mode of action. The use of RNA gene-silencing techniques and screening libraries of natural products allowed Merck to find this antibiotic which may have otherwise been missed using conventional methods.(More)
The M4 mAChR is implicated in several CNS disorders and possesses an allosteric binding site for which ligands modulating the affinity and/or efficacy of ACh may be exploited for selective receptor targeting. We report the synthesis of a focused library of putative M4 PAMs derived from VU0152100 and VU10005. These compounds investigate the pharmacological(More)
The discovery of a small molecule non-nucleoside inhibitor of Hepatitis B Virus is described. During our work on conocurvone derived naphthoquinone 'trimers' for the treatment of HIV, we discovered a potent inhibitor 9 of Hepatitis B Virus in an antiviral screen. During attempts to resynthesis 9 for proof of concept studies, we altered the synthesis in(More)
A series of substituted 4-arylpiperidines and a smaller family of 4-aryl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridines were synthesized and their biological activity at the 5-HT(2C) receptor studied to determine whether either series showed noteworthy agonist activity. Structure-activity relationships were developed from the performed receptor binding assays and functional(More)
The synthesis of a new series of conocurvone analogues is presented that explores the importance of the pyran rings of conocurvone, their degree of unsaturation as well as the role of alkoxy functionalities as pyran ring replacements, for the inhibition of the HIV-1 integrase (IN) enzyme. Difficulties in synthesising a trimeric naphthoquinone where the(More)