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A coupled cell system is a network of dynamical systems, or " cells, " coupled together. The architecture of a coupled cell network is a graph that indicates how cells are coupled and which cells are equivalent. Stewart, Golubitsky, and Pivato presented a framework for coupled cell systems that permits a classification of robust synchrony in terms of(More)
A coupled cell system is a network of dynamical systems, or 'cells', coupled together. Such systems can be represented schematically by a directed graph whose nodes correspond to cells and whose edges represent couplings. A symmetry of a coupled cell system is a permutation of the cells that preserves all internal dynamics and all couplings. Symmetry can(More)
In this paper we use symmetry methods to study networks of coupled cells, which are models for central pattern generators (CPGs). In these models the cells obey identical systems of differential equations and the network specifies how cells are coupled. Previously, Collins and Stewart showed that the phase relations of many of the standard gaits of(More)
We discuss several examples of synchronous dynamical phenomena in coupled cell networks that are unexpected from symmetry considerations, but are natural using a theory developed by Stewart, Golubitsky, and Pivato. In particular we demonstrate patterns of synchrony in networks with small numbers of cells and in lattices (and periodic arrays) of cells that(More)
The general, model-independent features of different networks of six symmetrically coupled nonlin-ear oscillators are investigated. These networks are considered as possible models for locomotor central pattern generators (CPGs) in insects. Numerical experiments with a specific oscillator network model are briefly described. It is shown that some generic(More)
In this paper, a general approach for studying rings of coupled biological oscillators is presented. This approach, which is group-theoretic in nature, is based on the finding that symmetric ring networks of coupled non-linear oscillators possess generic patterns of phase-locked oscillations. The associated analysis is independent of the mathematical(More)
We study genetic bifurcations of equifibtia in one-parameter Hamiltonian systems with symmetry group F where eigenvalues of the linearized system go through zero. Theorem 3.3 classifies expected actions of F on the generalized eigenspace of this zero eigenvalue. Genetic one degree of freedom symmetric systems are classified in section 4; remarks concerning(More)
The vestibular system in almost all vertebrates, and in particular in humans, controls balance by employing a set of six semicircular canals, three in each inner ear, to detect angular accelerations of the head in three mutually orthogonal coordinate planes. Signals from the canals are transmitted to eight (groups of) neck motoneurons, which activate the(More)
Equivariant dynamical systems possess canonical flow-invariant subspaces, the fixed-point spaces of subgroups of the symmetry group. These subspaces classify possible types of symmetry-breaking. Coupled cell networks, determined by a symmetry groupoid, also possess canonical flow-invariant subspaces, the balanced polydiagonals. These subspaces classify(More)