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Free radical production occurs continuously in all cells as part of normal cellular function. However, excess free radical production originating from endogenous or exogenous sources might play a role in many diseases. Antioxidants prevent free radical induced tissue damage by preventing the formation of radicals, scavenging them, or by promoting their(More)
We tested the hypothesis that dynamic cerebral autoregulation (CA) and blood-brain barrier (BBB) function would be compromised in acute mountain sickness (AMS) subsequent to a hypoxia-mediated alteration in systemic free radical metabolism. Eighteen male lowlanders were examined in normoxia (21% O(2)) and following 6 h passive exposure to hypoxia (12%(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence of age-related maculopathy in an older population from 7 European countries. METHODS Randomly sampled people 65 years and older were invited to an eye examination in centers across 7 European countries (Norway, Estonia, United Kingdom, France, Italy, Greece, and Spain). Fundus images of each eye were graded at a single(More)
BACKGROUND PON1, an arylesterase, associated with high density lipoprotein (HDL), protects low density lipoprotein (LDL) against oxidative modification. Common polymorphisms PON1 55 (L/M) and 192 (Q/R) in the PON1 gene associate with atherosclerosis and heart disease. Because long-lived people seem protected from premature vascular death, we conducted a(More)
Elevation in plasma homocysteine concentration has been associated with vascular disease and neural tube defects. Methionine synthase is a vitamin B(12)-dependent enzyme that catalyses the remethylation of homocysteine to methionine. Therefore, defects in this enzyme may result in elevated homocysteine levels. One relatively common polymorphism in the(More)
An increase in oxidative stress may contribute to the development of diabetic complications. The key aqueous-phase chain-breaking antioxidant ascorbate is known to be deficient in diabetes, and we have therefore investigated the effects of ascorbate supplementation on oxidative stress in the streptozotocin diabetic rat. Markers of lipid peroxidation(More)
Patients with chronic renal failure, including those receiving regular long-term haemodialysis, have a high incidence of premature cardiovascular disease. Oxidative stress, which occurs when there is excessive free-radical production or low antioxidant levels, has recently been implicated as a causative factor in atherogenesis. The aim of this study was to(More)
Tendon allografts are commonly used to replace damaged anterior cruciate ligaments (ACL). Some of the sterilization and preservation techniques used by tissue banks with tendon allografts are thought to impair the mechanical properties of graft tissues. The tensile mechanical properties of porcine toe extensor tendons were measured using a dynamic testing(More)
BACKGROUND Classic coronary heart disease risk factors fail to explain the large coronary heart disease incidence gradient between Northern Ireland and France. The Prospective Epidemiological Study of Myocardial Infarction (PRIME), a multicentre prospective study of 10593 men, aims to investigate novel risk factors in these populations. We tested the(More)
Carotenoid and vitamin C intakes, assessed by FFQ, have been positively associated with plasma concentrations in different populations. However, the influence of BMI on these associations has not been explored in detail. We explored in a cross-sectional study the relation between dietary carotenoid and vitamin C intakes, using a 135-item FFQ, with their(More)