Ian S. Harris

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Vascular development begins when mesodermal cells differentiate into endothelial cells, which then form primitive vessels. It has been hypothesized that endothelial-specific gene expression may be regulated combinatorially, but the transcriptional mechanisms governing specificity in vascular gene expression remain incompletely understood. Here, we identify(More)
The endocardium, the endothelial lining of the heart, plays complex and critical roles in heart development, particularly in the formation of the cardiac valves and septa, the division of the truncus arteriosus into the aortic and pulmonary trunks, the development of Purkinje fibers that form the cardiac conduction system, and the formation of trabecular(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac hypertrophy is a common response to pressure overload and is associated with increased mortality. Mechanical stress in the heart results in the activation of the small GTPase ras and the Raf-1/MEK/ERK signaling cascade in addition to other signaling pathways. METHODS AND RESULTS In an attempt to determine the requirement for the(More)
Diabetic patients develop a cardiomyopathy that consists of ventricular hypertrophy and diastolic dysfunction. Although the pathogenesis of this condition is poorly understood, previous studies implicated abnormal G-protein activation. In this work, mice with cardiac overexpression of the transcription factor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha(More)
The rapid pace of technological development has brought a wealth of diagnostic and therapeutic options to the care of patients. These new diagnostic and therapeutic tools have dramatically altered medical care but have come with a steep price tag, and it is not clear that the improvement in the quality of care is proportional to the cost of the medical(More)
The MyoD family of basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factors has the remarkable ability to induce myogenesis in vitro and in vivo. This myogenic specificity has been mapped to two amino acids in the basic domain, an alanine and threonine, referred to as the myogenic code. These essential determinants of myogenic specificity are conserved in all(More)
Congenital heart diseases are the most common birth defects in humans, affecting approximately 0.8% of all live births. In the past, many of the more severe defects resulted in profound disability and death during childhood, and adult survival was exceptional. The past 4 decades have seen dramatic improvements in the survival and quality of life of patients(More)
Congenital heart defects are the most common birth defects in humans, and those that affect the proper alignment of the outflow tracts and septation of the ventricles are a highly significant cause of morbidity and mortality in infants. A late differentiating population of cardiac progenitors, referred to as the anterior second heart field (AHF), gives rise(More)
A 47-year-old diabetic woman was referred for diagnostic coronary angiography as part of an evaluation before renal transplantation. During attempts to cannulate the left coronary artery, the patient developed severe dyspnea and new ST-segment elevations in the anterior leads. Left coronary angiography showed acute occlusion of the proximal left anterior(More)