Neutrophils have been implicated in the pathogenesis of the adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We have measured concentrations of the neutrophil attractant interleukin-8 in blood and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BAL) from patients at risk of ARDS. We studied 29 patients from three groups at risk of developing ARDS: multiple trauma (n = 16),… (More)
The acute lung injury of adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is characterised by inflammatory cell accumulation and activation in the lung. Selectins are a family of adhesion molecules implicated in leucocyte-endothelial adhesion, whose receptors can exist in a cleaved, soluble form. We investigated whether circulating soluble selectin adhesion… (More)
Propofol and midazolam were compared in 40 patients undergoing orthopaedic surgery under spinal anaesthesia. An infusion of either 1% propofol or 0.1% midazolam was given at a rate adjusted to maintain a similar level of sedation. The mean time to reach this required level was similar in both groups. Quality and ease of control of sedation were good in all… (More)
Inappropriate release of proteases from inflammatory and stromal cells can lead to destruction of the lung parenchyma. Antiproteinases such as alpha-1-proteinase inhibitor (alpha1-Pi), secretory leukocyte proteinase inhibitor (SLPI) and elastase-specific inhibitor (elafin) control excess production of human neutrophil elastase. In the present study, the… (More)
The effect of ketamine analgesia on gastric emptying was assessed in five healthy volunteers. Gastric emptying, estimated indirectly by the absorption of orally administered paracetamol, was not significantly delayed following administration of i.m. ketamine when compared with placebo.
The purpose of this double-blind randomized study was to assess recovery of mental function following reversal of midazolam-induced sedation with the specific antagonist flumazenil (R015-1788) or placebo following conservative dental procedures. Recovery was assessed using choice reaction time and critical flicker fusion threshold, both objective tests of… (More)
We read with interest the article by Singh and coworkers  describing the use of central venous catheters to drain pleural effusions. We agree that the use of small-bore catheters has a number of advantages compared with repeated thoracocentesis or the use of traditional large-bore drains inserted by blunt dissection. Indeed, recent guidelines  support… (More)
The six phase transmission line has received considerable attention in recent times as an alternative to the three phase transmission, since it possess several advantages over three phase transmission line. Six-phase transmission line can provide same power transfer capability as three phase on a smaller right-of-way, for the same electric field and audible… (More)