Ian R. Summers

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The aim of this fMRI investigation was to identify those areas of the brain associated with approaching a story generation task creatively and to investigate the effects upon these correlates of incorporating a set of words that were unrelated to each other-a strategy considered to encourage semantic divergence. Preliminary experiments were undertaken to(More)
Using a 100-element tactile stimulator on the fingertip during functional-magnetic-resonance imaging, brain areas were identified that were selectively activated by a moving vibrotactile stimulus (the sensation of a moving line being dragged over the fingertip). Activation patterns elicited by tactile motion, contrasted to an equivalent stationary stimulus,(More)
To establish the best strategy for transmitting speech-derived information via a single tactile channel, measurements were made on the perception of frequency- and/or amplitude-modulated pulse-train stimuli, with a comparison of the electrotactile and vibrotactile modalities. In one experiment, vibrotactile perception of 2-oct step changes in stimulus(More)
A stimulator array is described which can deliver a wide range of displacement waveforms from each contactor, allowing vibratory stimuli to be targeted towards different populations of mechanoreceptors in the skin. The array has a working bandwidth of 20-400 Hz and 100 moving contactors covering an area of 1 cm2 on the fingertip. The array was validated(More)
Profoundly deaf subjects were given information about sound level in their environment by means of a body-worn unit coupled to a small vibrator worn on the finger. Results of trials on 19 adults are discussed. The Tactile Acoustic Monitor was found to be useful for identifying domestic sounds by means of their distinctive timing patterns. No significant(More)
Experiments have been carried out to investigate the information transfer available via a single vibrator on the fingertip. In a first experiment, for stimuli with durations 80 to 320 ms, discrimination of a one-octave step change in frequency at the halfway point was investigated. Results were similar for three stimulus types--sinewave, monophasic pulse(More)
While moving our fingertip over a fine surface we experience a sensation that gives us an idea of its properties. A satisfactory simulation of this feeling is still an unsolved problem. In this paper, we describe a rendering strategy based on vibrations that play an important role in the tactile exploration of fine surfaces. To produce appropriate(More)
Data from a 100-contactor tactile array on the fingertip (1 mm × 1 mm matrix) suggest that it may be possible to target different receptor populations in the skin by using different frequencies of vibratory stimulation (40 Hz and 320 Hz). Results from perception of a moving target within a uniform "background" vibration indicate that there is greater(More)
While the animation and rendering techniques used in the domain of textile simulation have dramatically evolved during the last two decades, the ability to manipulate and modify virtual textiles intuitively using dedicated ergonomic devices has been definitely neglected. The project HAPTEX combines research in the field of textile simulation and haptic(More)
Experiments have been carried out in which subjects were required to discriminate time-varying visual and tactile stimuli presented simultaneously via a 2D array of light-emitting diodes and a vibrator on the fingertip. Contrary to expectations, no problems in parallel visual and tactile perception were apparent. Similar results were obtained in a second(More)