Ian R. Morris

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BACKGROUND Francisella tularensis is the causative agent of tularemia and is classified as a Category A select agent. Recent studies have implicated TLR2 as a critical element in the host protective response to F. tularensis infection, but questions remain about whether TLR2 signaling dominates the response in all circumstances and with all species of(More)
Human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) constitute highly pathogenic virus that cause severe respiratory diseases in newborn, children, elderly and immuno-compromised individuals. Airway inflammation is a critical regulator of disease outcome in RSV infected hosts. Although "controlled" inflammation is required for virus clearance, aberrant and exaggerated(More)
Pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) trigger host immune response by activating pattern recognition receptors like toll-like receptors (TLRs). However, the mechanism whereby several pathogens, including viruses, activate TLRs via a non-PAMP mechanism is unclear. Endogenous "inflammatory mediators" called damage-associated molecular patterns(More)
BACKGROUND Previously active in the mid-1990s, the Canadian Airway Focus Group (CAFG) studied the unanticipated difficult airway and made recommendations on management in a 1998 publication. The CAFG has since reconvened to examine more recent scientific literature on airway management. The Focus Group's mandate for this article was to arrive at updated(More)
Lightwands have been used to assist in the tracheal intubation of patients with difficult airways for many years. A new lightwand (Trachlight) with a brighter light source and a flexible stylet permits both oral and nasal intubation under ambient light. This study reports the effectiveness of the Trachlight in tracheal intubation in patients with difficult(More)
BACKGROUND Appropriate planning is crucial to avoid morbidity and mortality when difficulty is anticipated with airway management. Many guidelines developed by national societies have focused on management of difficulty encountered in the unconscious patient; however, little guidance appears in the literature on how best to approach the patient with an(More)
PURPOSE Awake tracheal intubation is one recommended option to address select situations in the management of a patient with an anticipated difficult airway. A scarcity of data exists on how often awake intubation is performed or whether its use is changing over time, particularly with the increasingly widespread availability of video laryngoscopy. This(More)
BACKGROUND Transillumination of the soft tissue of the neck using a lighted stylet (lightwand) is an effective and safe intubating technique. A newly designed lightwand (Trachlight) incorporates modifications to improve the brightness of the light source as well as flexibility. The goal of this study was to determine the effectiveness and safety of this(More)
An inadequate innate immune response appears to contribute to the virulence of Francisella tularensis following pulmonary infection. Studies in mice suggest that this poor response results from suppression of proinflammatory cytokine production early during infection, but the mechanisms involved are not understood. PI3K is known to regulate proinflammatory(More)