Ian R. Hambleton

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OBJECTIVE Previous reports on pregnancy in homozygous sickle cell (SS) disease are biased by hospital-based, more severely affected subjects and may have underestimated recurrent early pregnancy losses. We report pregnancy outcome in a representative sample of SS subjects subsequently referred to as "subjects" or "sickle cell subjects," and matched normal(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine prevalence of, and risk factors for, bacterial vaginosis (BV) among herpes simplex virus (HSV) 2 seropositive Tanzanian women at enrollment into a randomised, placebo-controlled trial of HSV suppressive treatment. METHODS 1305 HSV-2 seropositive women aged 16-35 years working in bars, guesthouses and similar facilities were(More)
BACKGROUND Infection with herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) is associated with an increased risk of acquiring infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This study tested the hypothesis that HSV-2 suppressive therapy reduces the risk of HIV acquisition. METHODS Female workers at recreational facilities in northwestern Tanzania who were 16 to(More)
BACKGROUND The glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in homozygous sickle cell (SS) disease is supranormal in childhood but falls steeply with age, often culminating in renal failure. The risk factors underlying these observations are unclear. We therefore sought to investigate the relationships between blood pressure, renal hemodynamics, and urinary albumin(More)
The prevalence, incidence, risk factors, clinical associations, and morbidity of gallstones were studied in 311 patients with homozygous sickle cell disease and 167 patients with sickle cell-hemoglobin C disease in a cohort study from birth. Gallstones developed in 96 patients with homozygous sickle cell disease and 18 patients with sickle cell-hemoglobin C(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the cause and outcome of high fever in Jamaican children with homozygous sickle cell disease. DESIGN Retrospective review of febrile episodes in a three year period (1 September 1993 to 31 August 1996). SETTING Sickle cell clinic, an outpatient clinic in Kingston run by the Medical Research Council Laboratories (Jamaica). (More)
BACKGROUND Four studies published since December, 1995, reported that the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) was higher in women who used oral contraceptives (OCs) containing the third-generation progestagens gestodene or desogestrel than in users of OCs containing second-generation progestagens. However, confounding and bias in the design of these(More)
BACKGROUND Information about life expectancy of patients with homozygous sickle-cell disease is needed for research and patient counselling. Our aim was to study two Jamaican populations, one clinic-based and one birth cohort and, by careful consideration of data quality and statistical analysis, to identify ways to increase the chances of obtaining valid(More)