Ian R. Doyle

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Nitrogen trichloride (NCl(3)) is an irritant gas released in the air of indoor pools sanitized with chlorine-based disinfectants. In the present study we investigated the effects of NCl(3) on the pulmonary epithelium of pool attendees by measuring the leakage into serum of three lung-specific proteins (pneumoproteins): the alveolar surfactant-associated(More)
The abundance of protein in the matrix of calcium oxalate uroliths has fueled speculation regarding its role in stone genesis. In this study, we wanted to characterize the composition of the proteins associated with early stages of calcium oxalate crystallization in urine. Calcium oxalate crystallization was induced in urine from healthy men and women by(More)
AIMS To study whether exposure to nitrogen trichloride in indoor chlorinated pools may affect the respiratory epithelium of children and increase the risk of some lung diseases such as asthma. METHODS In 226 healthy children, serum surfactant associated proteins A and B (SP-A and SP-B), 16 kDa Clara cell protein (CC16), and IgE were measured. Lung(More)
Alveolar proteinosis (AP) is characterized by excessive surfactant accumulation, and most cases are of unknown etiology. Standard therapy for AP is whole-lung lavage, which may not correct the underlying defect. Because the hematopoietic cytokine granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is required for normal surfactant homeostasis, we(More)
Surfactant proteins A and B (SP-A and SP-B) enter the circulation in a manner that acutely reflects changes in pulmonary function in patients with acute respiratory failure (ARF). There is a small but significant gradient in SP-A and SP-B from arterial to mixed venous (A-V) blood, and since we have detected both proteins in urine, the kidney may be a major(More)
Since the 16-kDa bronchiolar Clara cell protein (CC16) and the alveolar surfactant-associated proteins (SP)-A and -B leak into the circulation when parenchymal health is disturbed, the aim of this study was to determine whether their serum levels could serve as early peripheral markers of tobacco smoke-induced epithelial injury. Sixty-nine (51 yrs (32-54)(More)
Previously, we reported the specific occurrence of neutralizing autoantibodies against granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from 11 Japanese patients with idiopathic pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (I-PAP). The autoantibody was also detected in sera from all 5 I-PAP patients examined. To determine that(More)
Surfactant protein-A (SP-A) leaks into the circulation of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) or acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema (APE) in a manner inversely related to lung function. Since surfactant protein-B (SP-B) is synthesized as a precursor considerably smaller than alveolar SP-A, we investigated whether it enters the(More)
BACKGROUND In chronic heart failure (CHF), elevated pulmonary microvascular pressure (P(mv)) results in pulmonary edema. Because elevated P(mv) may alter the integrity of the alveolocapillary barrier, allowing leakage of surfactant protein-B (SP-B) from the alveoli into the circulation, we aimed to determine plasma levels of SP-B in CHF and their relation(More)
Urinary glycosaminoglycans are selectively included into calcium oxalate (CaOx) crystals precipitated from whole human urine: The presence of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) in the organic matrix of urinary stones, and their known effects on CaOx crystallization have prompted speculation regarding their role in CaOx urolithiasis. The aim of this study was to(More)