Learn More
The active oxygen species hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) was detected cytochemically by its reaction with cerium chloride to produce electron-dense deposits of cerium perhydroxides. In uninoculated lettuce leaves, H2O2 was typically present within the secondary thickened walls of xylem vessels. Inoculation with wild-type cells of Pseudomonas syringae pv(More)
Early events occurring during the hypersensitive resistance response (HR) were examined using the avrRpm1/RPM1 gene-for-gene interaction in Arabidopsis challenged by Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato. Increases in cytosolic Ca2+ were measured in whole leaves using aequorin-mediated bioluminescence. During the HR a sustained increase in Ca2+ was observed which(More)
Synapses are critical sites of information transfer in the nervous system, and it is important that their functionality be maintained under stressful conditions to prevent communication breakdown. Here we show that synaptic transmission at the Drosophila larval neuromuscular junction is protected by prior exposure to heat shock that strongly induces(More)
Peroxidase activity was characterized in lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) leaf tissue. Changes in the activity and distribution of the enzyme were examined during the development of a nonhost hypersensitive reaction (HR) induced by Pseudomonas syringae (P. s.) pv phaseolicola and in response to an hrp mutant of the bacterium. Assays of activity in tissue(More)
We describe the cloning of SC1, a novel cDNA that was selected from a rat brain expression library using a mixed polyclonal antibody directed against synaptic junction glycoproteins. SC1 detects a 3.2 kb mRNA expressed throughout postnatal development of the brain and present at high levels in the adult. In situ hybridization reveals that the SC1 mRNA is(More)
Neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis have been termed "protein misfolding disorders." These diseases differ widely in frequency and impact different classes of neurons. Heat shock proteins provide a line of defense against misfolded, aggregation-prone proteins and are among the most(More)
Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) accumulates in astrocytes during development. We have characterized the increase in GFAP mRNA during development of the rat brain by using Northern blotting and in situ hybridization histochemistry and have found a caudal to rostral gradient of expression, consistent with overall brain maturation. GFAP mRNA was first(More)
The nonpathogenic hrcC mutant of Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria 85-10::hrpA22 multiplied in pepper leaves if it was mixed with pathogenic strains of X. campestris pv. vesicatoria. Reactions to the mutant alone included localized deposition of phenolics and callose in papillae, and alterations to the plant cell wall leading to increased electron(More)
Neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis have been termed protein misfolding disorders that are characterized by the neuronal accumulation of protein aggregates. Manipulation of the cellular stress-response involving induction of heat shock proteins (Hsps) in differentiated neurons(More)
Type III protein secretion (TTS) is catalyzed by translocases that span both membranes of Gram-negative bacteria. A hydrophilic TTS component homologous to F1/V1-ATPases is ubiquitous and essential for secretion. We show that hrcN encodes the putative TTS ATPase of Pseudomonas syringae pathovar phaseolicola and that HrcN is a peripheral protein that(More)