Learn More
The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) channel interacts with scaffolding and other proteins that are expected to restrict its lateral movement, yet previous studies have reported predominantly free diffusion. We examined the lateral mobility of CFTR channels on live baby hamster kidney cells using three complementary methods.(More)
The 18.5 kDa isoform of myelin basic protein (MBP) is a major component of the myelin sheath in the central nervous system of higher vertebrates, and a member of a larger family of proteins with a multiplicity of forms and post-translational modifications (PTMs). The 18.5 kDa protein is the exemplar of the family, being most abundant in adult myelin, and(More)
The degree of post-translational enzymatic deimination (conversion of arginyl to citrullinyl residues) of myelin basic protein (MBP) is correlated with the severity of the human autoimmune disease multiple sclerosis (MS). It is difficult to obtain large quantities of deiminated MBP from natural sources (autopsy material), and in vitro deimination using(More)
A recombinant hexahistidine-tagged 18.5-kDa isoform of murine myelin basic protein has been characterized biochemically and immunogenically, by mass spectrometry, by circular dichroism under various conditions (in aqueous solution, with monosialoganglioside G(M1), and in 89% 2-propanol), and by transmission electron microscopy. The preparations of this(More)
The recombinant 18.5-kDa charge isoform of murine myelin basic protein (rmMBP) is unmodified posttranslationally and was used to study the effects of deimination, i.e., the conversion of arginyl to citrullinyl residues, on the protein's interactions with itself and with lipids. The unmodified species rmMBP-Cit(0) (i.e., containing no citrullinyl residues)(More)
Myelin basic protein (MBP) binds to negatively charged lipids on the cytosolic surface of oligodendrocyte membranes and is most likely responsible for adhesion of these surfaces in the multilayered myelin sheath. It can also polymerize actin, bundle F-actin filaments, and bind actin filaments to lipid bilayers through electrostatic interactions. MBP(More)
Myelin basic protein (MBP) maintains the compaction of the myelin sheath in the central nervous system by anchoring the cytoplasmic face of the two apposing bilayers and may also play a role in signal transduction. Site-directed spin labeling was done at eight matching sites in each of two recombinant murine MBPs, qC1 (charge +19) and qC8 charge (+13),(More)
Myelin basic protein is a candidate autoantigen in multiple sclerosis. One of its dominant antigenic epitopes is segment Pro85 to Pro96 (human sequence numbering, corresponding to Pro82 to Pro93 in the mouse). There have been several, contradictory predictions of secondary structure in this region; either beta-sheet, alpha-helix, random coil, or(More)
Molecular dynamics simulations of models of unmodified and deiminated MBP (myelin basic protein) have been performed on solvated structures with added counterions, for 10 ns using AMBER (assisted model building with energy refinement). The protein structures became extended, and a considerable number of alpha-helical segments formed spontaneously. The(More)
The effects of deimination (conversion of arginyl to citrullinyl residues) of myelin basic protein (MBP) on its binding to calmodulin (CaM) have been examined. Four species of MBP were investigated: unmodified recombinant murine MBP (rmMBP-Cit(0)), an engineered protein with six quasi-citrullinyl (i.e., glutaminyl) residues per molecule (rmMBP-qCit(6)),(More)