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The 18.5 kDa isoform of myelin basic protein (MBP) is a major component of the myelin sheath in the central nervous system of higher vertebrates, and a member of a larger family of proteins with a multiplicity of forms and post-translational modifications (PTMs). The 18.5 kDa protein is the exemplar of the family, being most abundant in adult myelin, and(More)
A recombinant hexahistidine-tagged 18.5-kDa isoform of murine myelin basic protein has been characterized biochemically and immunogenically, by mass spectrometry, by circular dichroism under various conditions (in aqueous solution, with monosialoganglioside G(M1), and in 89% 2-propanol), and by transmission electron microscopy. The preparations of this(More)
The recombinant 18.5-kDa charge isoform of murine myelin basic protein (rmMBP) is unmodified posttranslationally and was used to study the effects of deimination, i.e., the conversion of arginyl to citrullinyl residues, on the protein's interactions with itself and with lipids. The unmodified species rmMBP-Cit(0) (i.e., containing no citrullinyl residues)(More)
The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) channel interacts with scaffolding and other proteins that are expected to restrict its lateral movement, yet previous studies have reported predominantly free diffusion. We examined the lateral mobility of CFTR channels on live baby hamster kidney cells using three complementary methods.(More)
The degree of post-translational enzymatic deimination (conversion of arginyl to citrullinyl residues) of myelin basic protein (MBP) is correlated with the severity of the human autoimmune disease multiple sclerosis (MS). It is difficult to obtain large quantities of deiminated MBP from natural sources (autopsy material), and in vitro deimination using(More)
The effects of deimination (conversion of arginyl to citrullinyl residues) of myelin basic protein (MBP) on its binding to calmodulin (CaM) have been examined. Four species of MBP were investigated: unmodified recombinant murine MBP (rmMBP-Cit(0)), an engineered protein with six quasi-citrullinyl (i.e., glutaminyl) residues per molecule (rmMBP-qCit(6)),(More)
The classic 18.5 kDa isoform of murine myelin basic protein (mMBP) has been shown to bind calmodulin (CaM) strongly and specifically in vitro. Here, we have used site-directed spin labelling (SDSL) and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy to map more precisely the sites of interaction of recombinant mMBP (rmMBP) with CaM. On the basis of these(More)
The osmolyte trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) is a naturally in vivo occurring "chemical chaperone" that has been shown to stabilise the folding of numerous proteins. Myelin basic protein (MBP) is a molecule that has not yet been suitably crystallized either in three dimensions for X-ray crystallography or in two dimensions for electron crystallography. Here,(More)
Myelin basic protein (MBP) binds to negatively charged lipids on the cytosolic surface of oligodendrocyte membranes and is most likely responsible for adhesion of these surfaces in the multilayered myelin sheath. It can also polymerize actin, bundle F-actin filaments, and bind actin filaments to lipid bilayers through electrostatic interactions. MBP(More)