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Starting from adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the identification of a novel series of P2Y(12) receptor antagonists and exploitation of their SAR is described. Modifications of the acidic side chain and the purine core and investigation of hydrophobic substituents led to a series of neutral molecules. The leading compound, 17 (AZD6140), is currently in a large(More)
P2Y receptor activation in many cell types leads to phospholipase C activation and accumulation of inositol phosphates, while in blood platelets, C6-2B glioma cells, and in B10 microvascular endothelial cells a P2Y receptor subtype, which couples to inhibition of adenylyl cyclase, historically termed P2Y(AC), (P2T(AC) or P(2T) in platelets) has been(More)
The ability of adenosine agonists to modulate K(+)-evoked gamma-[3H]aminobutyric acid ([3H]GABA) and acetylcholine (ACh) release from rat striatal synaptosomes was investigated. The A2a receptor-selective agonist CGS 21680 inhibited Ca(2+)-dependent [3H]GABA release evoked by 15 mM KCl with a maximal inhibition of 29 +/- 4% (IC50 of approximately 4 x(More)
1. The putative high affinity binding site for the adenosine A2A receptor agonist 2-p-(2-carboxyethyl)phenethyl-amino-5'-N- ethylcarboxamidoadenosine (CGS 21680) in the rat cerebral cortex was characterized by use of a number of selective A1 and A2 adenosine receptor ligands, and compared to the characteristics of the more abundant striatal A2A receptor. 2.(More)
1. Achiral reverse-phase h.p.l.c. with semi-automated post-column fraction collection and solid-phase sample reconcentration, has been applied as the purification procedure during the enantiomeric quantification of two widely differing experimental drugs; an HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor (I) and an alpha 2-adrenoceptor antagonist (II). 2. The robust and(More)
1. In the present study we have classified the receptor(s) mediating increases in intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) in human washed platelets and compared the pharmacological profile obtained with that observed in Jurkat cells, stably transfected with a bovine P2Y1-receptor. 2. The P2Y1-receptor antagonist, adenosine-3'-phosphate-5'-phosphate(More)
1. The effect of the A2A adenosine receptor agonist, 2-p-(2-carboxyethyl)phenethyl-amino-5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine (CGS 21680) on the potassium evoked release of [3H]-gamma-aminobutyric acid ([3H]-GABA) from nerve terminals derived from the caudate-putamen and the globus pallidus of the rat was compared. In both preparations CGS 21680 (1 nM) inhibited(More)
The adenosine A2a receptor inhibition of potassium (15 mM)-evoked GABA release from striatal nerve terminals has been examined. High extracellular calcium concentrations (4 mM) reduced the effect of the A2a receptor agonist CGS-21680 (1 nM). CGS-21680 inhibited GABA release in the presence of the L-type calcium channel blocker nifedipine, which itself(More)
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