Ian P. Callard

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Amounts of estradiol, testosterone, and progesterone in plasma were measured during the reproductive cycle of female Raja erinacea. Estradiol titers correlated directly with follicle size in females undergoing ovarian recrudescence, while highest concentrations were found in females with preovulatory follicles. These data indicate that as follicles grow,(More)
Pregnant female spiny dogfish were captured off the coasts of Maine and Massachusetts and morphometric and gravimetric analyses of the liver, gonad, and reproductive tract correlated with the reproductive cycle. Plasma samples were taken and circulating steroids (progesterone, testosterone, and estradiol) were measured by radioimmunoassay. Clear-cut(More)
Prior studies on painted turtle (Chrysemys picta) sub-populations near the Massachusetts Military Reservation (MMR), a Superfund site on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, USA, suggest several reproductive deficits which may be related to xenobiotics. Several heavy metals, including cadmium, have been detected in Cape Cod surface water and sediments. The present(More)
Conventional classification of reproductive modes in female elasmobranchs fails to account for the diversity in ovarian dynamics that operate during oviparous and viviparous cycles. Delineating this diversity is crucial for understanding the endocrine regulation of the manifold physiological mechanisms utilized to retain and protect eggs and developing(More)
The stimulation of yolk protein synthesis by estrogen is a characteristic of female non-mammalian vertebrates; in mammals, however, vitellogenesis has been suppressed as a corollary of the evolution of viviparity. It is our hypothesis that progesterone has a dual role in this phylogenetic trend; a) to inhibit myometrial contraction and thus set the stage(More)
To investigate the effect of estrogenic compounds on the marine mussel Mytilus edulis, an assay was developed to measure the expression of two vertebrate estrogen responsive genes-estrogen receptor (ER) and vitellogenin (VTG) genes. Expression was measured in M. edulis gonads following a 10-day exposure to 200 ng/l 17beta-estradiol (estradiol). The(More)