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Conventional classification of reproductive modes in female elasmobranchs fails to account for the diversity in ovarian dynamics that operate during oviparous and viviparous cycles. Delineating this diversity is crucial for understanding the endocrine regulation of the manifold physiological mechanisms utilized to retain and protect eggs and developing(More)
Amounts of estradiol, testosterone, and progesterone in plasma were measured during the reproductive cycle of female Raja erinacea. Estradiol titers correlated directly with follicle size in females undergoing ovarian recrudescence, while highest concentrations were found in females with preovulatory follicles. These data indicate that as follicles grow,(More)
Prior studies on painted turtle (Chrysemys picta) sub-populations near the Massachusetts Military Reservation (MMR), a Superfund site on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, USA, suggest several reproductive deficits which may be related to xenobiotics. Several heavy metals, including cadmium, have been detected in Cape Cod surface water and sediments. The present(More)
The stimulation of yolk protein synthesis by estrogen is a characteristic of female non-mammalian vertebrates; in mammals, however, vitellogenesis has been suppressed as a corollary of the evolution of viviparity. It is our hypothesis that progesterone has a dual role in this phylogenetic trend; a) to inhibit myometrial contraction and thus set the stage(More)
1. Vitellogenin was isolated from mature female skates by selective precipitation with MgCl2/EDTA followed by chromatography on DEAE-cellulose columns. 2. A single monomer of approximately 205 kDa was identified on 6.0% SDS-PAGE gels. 3. In addition, isolation of yolk proteins with ammonium sulfate yielded proteins of 94 and 38 kDa (putative phosvitins) and(More)
Pregnant female spiny dogfish were captured off the coasts of Maine and Massachusetts and morphometric and gravimetric analyses of the liver, gonad, and reproductive tract correlated with the reproductive cycle. Plasma samples were taken and circulating steroids (progesterone, testosterone, and estradiol) were measured by radioimmunoassay. Clear-cut(More)
A RIA for turtle (Chrysemys picta) vitellogenin is described. After dimethylformamide precipitation of vitellogenin from the plasma of estrogen-treated female turtles, antibodies were developed in rabbits. The dimethylformamide precipitate was further purified by o-triethylaminoethyl cellulose column chromatography; the vitellogenin component eluted as a(More)
Hepatic vitellogenin (vtg) is a yolk precursor protein sequestered in follicular oocytes as nutrient supply for developing embryos in nonmammalian vertebrates. In prior research studies we have demonstrated that both progesterone (P) and testosterone (T) inhibit estrogen (E)-induced vitellogenesis in the male fresh water turtle (Chrysemys picta), and have(More)