Ian Metcalfe

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The age and timing of the Permian-Triassic mass extinction have been difficult to determine because zircon populations from the type sections are typically affected by pervasive lead loss and contamination by indistinguishable older xenocrysts. Zircons from nine ash beds within the Shangsi and Meishan sections (China), pretreated by annealing followed by(More)
Tropical Southeast (SE) Asia harbors extraordinary species richness and in its entirety comprises four of the Earth's 34 biodiversity hotspots. Here, we examine the assembly of the SE Asian biota through time and space. We conduct meta-analyses of geological, climatic, and biological (including 61 phylogenetic) data sets to test which areas have been the(More)
The end-Permian mass extinction is now robustly dated at 252.6 ± 0.2 Ma (U–Pb) and the Permian–Triassic (P–T) GSSP level is dated by interpolation at 252.5 Ma. An isotopic geochronological timescale for the Late Permian–Early Triassic, based on recent accurate high-precision U–Pb single zircon dating of volcanic ashes, together with calibrated conodont(More)
Twenty-eight new high-precision Chemical Abrasion Isotope Dilution Thermal Ionisation Mass Spectrometry U-Pb zircon dates for tuffs in the Sydney and Bowen Basins are reported. Based on these new dates, the Guadalupian-Lopingian/Capitanian-Wuchiapingian boundary This is an author-produced, peer-reviewed version of this article. The final, definitive version(More)
Six preterm infants with severe hyaline membrane disease requiring ventilation were treated, at a median age of 15.5 hours, with a single intratracheal bolus of a bovine surfactant suspension. Arterial oxygenation increased dramatically, and chest radiograms showed improvement after two to four hours. However, a variable degree of deterioration occurred(More)
Preterm rabbit fetuses, delivered on the 27th day of gestation, were studied following upper airway instillation with either natural surfactant (NSA) obtained from the lavage of adult rabbit lungs or with a protein-free suspension of lipids extracted from lung wash (ESA). First, lung compliance was studied postmortem. The administration of 25 microliters of(More)
Preterm rabbit neonates, delivered on the 27th day of gestation, were treated before the first breath with a tracheal instillation of ESA, a suspension of lipids extracted from pulmonary surfactant. Lung compliance development and neonatal survival were studied after treatment to determine the effect of suspension volume and concentration. Compliance(More)
Nowadays, there are increasingly stringent regulations requiring more and more treatment of industrial effluents to generate product waters which could be easily reused or disposed of to the environment without any harmful effects. Therefore, different advanced oxidation processes were investigated as suitable precursors for the biological treatment of(More)