Ian McConnell

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The neural membrane glycoprotein PrP is implicated in the pathogenesis of the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies; however, the normal function of PrP and its precise role in disease are not understood. Recently, gene targeting has been used to produce mice withneo/PrP fusion transcripts, but no detectable PrP protein in the brain (1). Here we report(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are a major component of the pattern recognition receptor repertoire that detect invading microorganisms and direct the vertebrate immune system to eliminate infection. In chickens, the differential biology of Salmonella serovars (systemic versus gut-restricted localization) correlates with the presence or absence of flagella, a(More)
Infection of poultry with Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium poses a significant risk to public health through contamination of meat from infected animals. Vaccination has been proposed to control infections in chickens. However, the vaccines are currently largely empirical, and our understanding of the mechanisms that underpin immune clearance and(More)
Poultry meat and eggs contaminated with Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis or Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium are common sources of acute gastroenteritis in humans. However, the exact nature of the immune mechanisms protective against Salmonella infection in chickens has not been characterized at the molecular level. In the present study,(More)
In this study we describe for the first time the dynamics of the expression of the cytokines, IL-1beta, IL-12p40, TNFalpha in ovine dendritic cells and macrophages after LPS stimulation. Real time RT-PCR was used for the quantitation of these cytokines and IL-4 and IFNgamma as well as two potential housekeeping genes (HKG), ATPase and GAPDH, in mRNAs from(More)
Macerates of bovine brain infected with bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) agent, and rodent brain infected with the 263K or ME7 strains of scrapie agent, were subjected to porous-load autoclaving at temperatures between 134 and 138 °C for ≤ 60 min. Bioassay in rodents showed that none of the regimes produced complete inactivation. Homogenates of(More)
Using trypanosomes labelled with [75Se]-methionine a series of experiments was conducted to investigate the respective roles of antibody, macrophage activtion and complement in the removal of trypanosomes from the circulation of immune mice. It was found that clearance in such animals is largely accomplished by antibody-mediated hepatic phagocytosis, which,(More)
The antidiuretic (V2) agonist, dDAVP, stimulates release of the clotting factors von Willebrand factor (vWF) and factor VIIIc (FVIIIc) in humans. The objective of these studies was to identify and characterize dDAVP stimulation of clotting factor release in pentobarbital-anesthetized rhesus monkeys using V2 receptor agonists (dDAVP, SK&F 101926, SK&F(More)
CD8(+) cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) responses have been shown to be important in the control of human and simian immunodeficiency virus infections. Infection of sheep with visna/maedi virus (VISNA), a related lentivirus, induces specific CD8(+) CTL in vivo, but the specific viral proteins recognized are not known. To determine which VISNA antigens were(More)
A rat monoclonal antibody which recognizes a product of the HLA-DR locus is described. The determinant recognized by this antibody is monomorphic in man but polymorphic in mice. Mapping studies with inbred and recombinant strains of mice show that this antigen as associated with H-2 haplotypes b, d and q and is coded for by genes within the I-A subregion.