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Leaves undergo a sink-source transition during which a physiological change occurs from carbon import to export. In sink leaves, biolistic bombardment of plasmids encoding GFP-fusion proteins demonstrated that proteins with an Mr up to 50 kDa could move freely through plasmodesmata. During the sink-source transition, the capacity to traffic proteins(More)
The sink-source transition in tobacco leaves was studied noninvasively using transgenic plants expressing the green-fluorescent protein (GFP) under control of theArabidopsis thaliana SUC2 promoter, and also by imaging transgenic plants that constitutively expressed a tobacco mosaic virus movement protein (MP) fused to GFP (MP-GFP). The sink-source(More)
Potato virus X (PVX) is a filamentous plant virus infecting many members of the family Solanaceae. A modified form of PVX, PVX.GFP-CP which expressed a chimeric gene encoding a fusion between the 27-kDa Aequorea victoria green fluorescent protein and the amino terminus of the 25-kDa PVX coat protein, assembled into virions and moved both locally and(More)
A systematic ultrastructural study across the edge of an advancing infection in pea seed-borne mosaic potyvirus-infected pea cotyledons showed the cylindrical inclusion (CI) protein to exist in transient functional states. Initially, the characteristic CI pinwheel inclusion bodies were positioned centrally over the plasmodesmal apertures (including those of(More)
Plant viruses use movement proteins (MPs) to modify intercellular pores called plasmodesmata (PD) to cross the plant cell wall. Many viruses encode a conserved set of three MPs, known as the triple gene block (TGB), typified by Potato virus X (PVX). In this paper, using live-cell imaging of viral RNA (vRNA) and virus-encoded proteins, we show that the TGB(More)
Viral invasion of the root system of Nicotiana benthamiana was studied noninvasively with a tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) vector expressing the green-fluorescent protein (GFP). Lateral root primordia, which developed from the pericycle of primary roots, became heavily infected as they emerged from the root cortex. However, following emergence, a progressive(More)
The cucumovirus, cucumber mosaic virus (CMV), requires both the 3a movement protein (MP) and the capsid protein (CP) for cell-to-cell movement. Replacement of the MP of CMV with the MP of the umbravirus, groundnut rosette virus (GRV), which does not encode a CP, resulted in a hybrid virus, CMV(ORF4), which could move cell to cell in Nicotiana tabacum and(More)
The antigenic structure of the coat protein (CP) of potato mop-top furovirus (PMTV) was studied by electron microscopy of virus particles labeled with gold-conjugated monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) and by the reactions of MAbs with overlapping octapeptides (Pepscan) representing the complete amino acid sequence of the CP. A total of seven epitopes were(More)
A British isolate of potato aucuba mosaic potexvirus (PAMV) was transmitted by aphids (Myzus persicae) which had fed previously on a source of potato Y potyvirus (PVY). Nucleotide sequence analysis of the PAMV coat protein gene indicated that amino acid residues 14 to 16 from the N terminus of the coat protein have the sequence DAG, which is also found in(More)