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Different folivorous marsupials select their food from different subgenera of Eucalyptus, but the choices cannot be explained by known antifeedants, such as formylated phloroglucinol compounds or tannins, or by nutritional quality. Eucalypts contain a wide variety of plant secondary metabolites so it is difficult to use traditional methods to identify the(More)
Chemical synthesis was used to prepare the HIV-1 protease specifically 13C-labelled in the catalytically essential Asp 25 in each monomer. The NMR chemical shift of the 13C-enriched homodimeric enzyme was measured in the presence of the inhibitor pepstatin, a mimic of the tetrahedral intermediate formed in enzyme catalysis. In this complex, the catalytic(More)
Circular dichroism and NMR spectroscopy have been used to determine the structure of the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor-binding peptide, comprising residues 130-152, of the human apolipoprotein E. This peptide has little persistent three-dimensional structure in solution, but when bound to micelles of dodecylphosphocholine (DPC) it adopts a(More)
Seven cysteine-rich repeats form the ligand-binding region of the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor. Each of these repeats is assumed to bind a calcium ion, which is needed for association of the receptor with its ligands, LDL and beta-VLDL. The effects of metal ions on the folding of the reduced N-terminal cysteine-rich repeat have been examined by(More)
A method for the acquisition of localized 2D shift-correlated spectra, based on the combination of the stimulated-echo volume-selection and gradient-enhanced COSY experiments, is described. The sequence can be modified to perform a number of localized experiments including HOHAHA and DQF-COSY. The method is demonstrated in vivo by presentation of localized(More)
The ligand-binding domain of the human low-density lipoprotein receptor consists of seven modules, each of 40-45 residues. In the presence of calcium, these modules adopt a common polypeptide fold with three conserved disulfide bonds. A concatemer of the first and second modules (LB(1-2)) folds efficiently in the presence of calcium ions, forming the same(More)
A method (NIMBLE) for obtaining optimum B0 field homogeneity at voxels located away from the magnet isocenter for use in volume-selected NMR spectroscopy is described. Voxels may be shimmed using only first-order X, Y, and Z shims to produce three-dimensional shim current maps, thus avoiding shim coupling problems. NIMBLE shimming prior to volume selection(More)
Motion of abdominal organs with respiration is a major problem in NMR spectroscopy and imaging thereof. Triggering each phase-encoding step with respiration or gating a number of phase-encoding steps is one approach to the problem. The design of a sensor for small animal experiments has not been as simple. An optical device, implemented with polymer optical(More)
In vivo, volume-selected 1H NMR spectroscopy employing the SPACE technique was used to monitor biochemical changes in the thiamin deficient rat brain in response to glucose loading. The concentrations of brain N-acetylaspartate, glutamate/glutamine/gamma-aminobutyric acid, lactate and glucose differed significantly from those of control animals. The results(More)
The volume selection technique SPACE has been combined with a two-dimensional multiple-quantum editing sequence to uniquely detect certain J-coupled cerebral metabolites. In vivo results demonstrating edited glutamate/glutamine and lactate from 0.4 ml of a rat's brain at 4.7 T are presented. The sequence was optimized to balance multiple-quantum generation(More)