Ian M. Brereton

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A method for the acquisition of localized 2D shift-correlated spectra, based on the combination of the stimulated-echo volume-selection and gradient-enhanced COSY experiments, is described. The sequence can be modified to perform a number of localized experiments including HOHAHA and DQF-COSY. The method is demonstrated in vivo by presentation of localized(More)
The SPACE volume selection technique was combined with a spin-echo sequence to measure the transverse relaxation time of the resonances of ethanol and cerebral metabolites in the dog brain, in vivo. The method was extended to measure brain metabolite T2 values in the rat using 1H NMR microspectroscopy. The T2 decays for the resonances of the metabolites(More)
A movable, actively decoupled surface coil has been employed to obtain a localized 1H NMR spectrum from the lumbosacral spinal cord of a live Lewis rat. A volume selective 'VOSY' normally spelled out as 'volume selective spectroscopy' spectroscopy pulse sequence that incorporates 'phase ramped' selective RF pulses, has been used to minimize random phase(More)
The volume selection technique SPACE has been combined with a two-dimensional multiple-quantum editing sequence to uniquely detect certain J-coupled cerebral metabolites. In vivo results demonstrating edited glutamate/glutamine and lactate from 0.4 ml of a rat's brain at 4.7 T are presented. The sequence was optimized to balance multiple-quantum generation(More)
A method (NIMBLE) for obtaining optimum B0 field homogeneity at voxels located away from the magnet isocenter for use in volume-selected NMR spectroscopy is described. Voxels may be shimmed using only first-order X, Y, and Z shims to produce three-dimensional shim current maps, thus avoiding shim coupling problems. NIMBLE shimming prior to volume selection(More)
In vivo, high-resolution, volume-selected 1H NMR spectroscopy was used to monitor the concentration of ethanol in the dog brain following intravenous injection of ethanol. Equilibration of ethanol in the body water should result in approximately equivalent concentrations of ethanol in the blood and brain. However, the mean equilibrium brain ethanol(More)
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the rodent brain at ultra-high magnetic fields (> 9.4 Tesla) offers a higher signal-to-noise ratio that can be exploited to reduce image acquisition time or provide higher spatial resolution. However, significant challenges are presented due to a combination of longer T1 and shorter T2/T2* relaxation times and increased(More)
A novel method for reducing the rf power requirements of selective pulses employed for z magnetization slice inversion in localized NMR spectroscopy is presented. Following slice preparation by the use of frequency-incremented sinc pulses, the slice gradient is reduced, which narrows the frequency width of the slice. This allows the use of relatively(More)