Ian K. Taylor

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The leukotrienes LTC4, D4, and E4 are potent bronchoconstrictor agents and are thought to have an important role in asthma. Urinary LTE4, a stable urinary end-product of LTC4 and LTD4, was measured, by means of high-performance liquid chromatography and radioimmunoassay. LTE4 excretion followed a log-normal distribution in twenty-nine healthy controls, with(More)
The effects of a highly selective leukotriene D4 receptor antagonist, ICI 204.219, on allergen-induced bronchoconstriction and changes in airway reactivity were evaluated in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial. Ten atopic subjects were selected for the study on the basis of an immediate fall in forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) of at(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with acute hypercapnic respiratory failure (AHRF) during exacerbations of COPD, mortality can be high despite noninvasive ventilation (NIV). For some, AHRF is terminal and NIV is inappropriate. However there is no definitive method of identifying patients who are unlikely to survive. The aim of this study was to identify factors(More)
The effect of a single oral dose (800 mg) of zileuton (A-64077), a specific 5-lipoxygenase inhibitor, on the early and late airway responses to inhaled allergen was studied in a randomised, double blind, placebo controlled, and crossover trial in nine subjects with atopic asthma. Leukotriene generation was also assessed in vivo by measuring urinary(More)
Glucocorticosteroids are used as anti-inflammatory agents in a range of diseases, however, their mechanism of action is unknown. Recently, inhibition of arachidonic acid metabolism has been suggested as one possible mechanism of action. A series of experiments were undertaken in nonasthmatic humans to examine the effects of oral prednisolone and(More)
BACKGROUND Airway inflammation is a feature of asthma and can be quantified invasively with bronchial lavage and endobronchial histology. Inflammatory foci can be imaged non-invasively with positron emission tomography (PET) and [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose (18FDG) to quantify glucose uptake in activated granulocytes. We used this technique to study airway(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary disease is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality in patients with HIV infection and AIDS. The aim of this study was to describe bronchoscopic findings and the spectrum of pulmonary pathogens in HIV seropositive patients undergoing investigation of respiratory disease over a 10 year period in a major UK referral centre. (More)
Collagen deposition and myofibroblast proliferation beneath the epithelial basement membrane in patients with asthma is now increasingly recognized, although the molecular pathogenesis remains obscure. We have evaluated messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) expression of the profibrotic cytokine, platelet-derived growth factor-beta (PDGF-beta), in alveolar(More)
BACKGROUND Measured reductions in lung function, as a result of COPD, use a measured current value and make comparisons to a determined 'normal' value arrived at using a regression equation based upon a patients height. Osteoporosis is a recognised co-morbidity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and may cause excessive height loss(More)
BACKGROUND The assessment of the severity of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) should involve a multidimensional approach that is now clearly shown to be better than using spirometric impairment alone. The aim of this study is to validate and compare novel tools without an exercise test and to extend prognostic value to patients with less severe(More)