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The high-frequency limit of phase-locking has been measured in fibres of the auditory nerve in the guinea-pig. It is shown that phase-locking begins to decline at about 600 Hz and is no longer detectable above 3.5 kHz which is about 1 octave lower than in the cat, squirrel monkey and some birds. Direct measurements of the cochlear afferent fibre synaptic(More)
1. Intracellular recordings were made from inner hair cells in the first turn of the guinea-pig cochlea, the recording sites being confirmed by the injection of Procion yellow dye and subsequent histology. 2. The receptor potential, in response to a pure tone burst, consisted of an AC response which followed the wave form of the stimulus and was analogous(More)
Until recently the responses of the mechanosensitive hair cells of the cochlea have been inferred from their morphology, morphological relationships with other structures in the cochlea, and by indirect electrophysiological measurements. With the advent of techniques for making intracellular recordings from hair cells in the cochleas of anaesthetised(More)
Tone-evoked basilar membrane (BM) displacements were measured with a laser diode interferometer from the basal turn of the guinea pig cochlea. The olivocochlear bundle (OCB) was electrically stimulated for 60--80 msec periods at rates of < 200 sec-1 via electrodes placed at the point at which the OCB crosses the floor of the fourth ventricle. For tones(More)
Intracellular receptor potentials were recorded from inner and outer hair cells in response to low-frequency tones, from the basal, high-frequency region of the guinea-pig cochlea. The receptor potentials recorded from inner hair cells are asymmetrical about the resting membrane potential with the depolarizing phase, which corresponds to rarefaction in(More)
Alpha-tectorin (encoded by Tecta) is a component of the tectorial membrane, an extracellular matrix of the cochlea. In humans, the Y1870C missense mutation in TECTA causes a 50- to 80-dB hearing loss. In transgenic mice with the Y1870C mutation in Tecta, the tectorial membrane's matrix structure is disrupted, and its adhesion zone is reduced in thickness.(More)
Immunological techniques have been used to generate both polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies specific for the apical ends of sensory hair cells in the avian inner ear. The hair cell antigen recognized by these antibodies is soluble in nonionic detergent, behaves on sucrose gradients primarily as a 16S particle, and, after immunoprecipitation, migrates as a(More)
1. The post-synaptic action of efferent fibres on lateral line organs in the burbot was investigated with extracellular electrodes.2. Selective excitation of efferent fibres or stimulation of the lateral line nerve causes a negative efferent potential in the epithelium, an increase in the microphonic potential, and inhibition of afferent nerve impulses.3.(More)
Light and electron microscopy have been used to evaluate the effects of treating mouse cochlear cultures with the ototoxic aminoglycoside antibiotic neomycin sulphate at concentrations of 0.2 mM and greater for periods of up to 1 hour. Neomycin rapidly induces the formation of numerous, membrane filled blisters on the apical surfaces of the sensory hair(More)
Organotypic explant cultures were prepared from the cochleas of 1 to 3 day post-natal mice and maintained in vitro for up to 5 days. The hair cells retain morphological integrity for the duration of the culture period although they exhibit embryological features such as a kinocilium and additional microvilli on their apical surfaces. The resting membrane(More)