Ian J. Palmer

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BACKGROUND It has been argued that post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a timeless condition, which existed before it was codified in modern diagnostic classifications but was described by different names such as 'railway spine' and 'shellshock'. Others have suggested that PTSD is a novel presentation that has resulted from a modern interaction between(More)
OBJECTIVES To discover whether post-combat syndromes have existed after modern wars and what relation they bear to each other. DESIGN Review of medical and military records of servicemen and cluster analysis of symptoms. DATA SOURCES Records for 1856 veterans randomly selected from war pension files awarded from 1872 and from the Medical Assessment(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in veterans of the Gulf war with or without unexplained physical disability (a proxy measure of ill health) and in similarly disabled veterans who had not been deployed to the Gulf war (non-Gulf veterans). DESIGN Two phase cohort study. SETTING Current and ex-service UK military personnel. (More)
In this paper we present the Virtual Park (or VPARK) system. This includes a Networked Virtual Environment (NVE) System, called W-VLNET and an Attraction Building System, able to create and modify attractions used in the NVES. Both systems have been developed in the Windows NT environment. The paper outlines the techniques for communication, scene(More)
BACKGROUND War pensions are used to examine different models of psychological understanding. The First World War is said to have been the first conflict for which pensions were widely granted for psychological disorders as distinct from functional, somatic syndromes. In 1939 official attitudes hardened and it is commonly stated that few pensions were(More)