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kreisler is a recessive mutation resulting in gross malformation of the inner ear of homozygous mice. The defects in the inner ear are related to abnormalities in the hindbrain of the embryo, adjacent to the ear rudiments. At E9.5, the neural tube posterior to the boundary between the third and fourth rhombomeres, r3 and r4, appears unsegmented, and the(More)
The mouse homeobox-genes Msx-1 and Msx-2 are expressed in several areas of the developing embryo, including the neural tube, neural crest, facial processes and limb buds. Here we report the characterisation of a third mouse Msx gene, which we designate Msx-3. The embryonic expression of Msx-3 was found to differ from that of Msx-1 and -2 in that it was(More)
The development of the otic placode is believed to depend on an inductive signal from the adjacent hindbrain. A candidate for this signal is FGF-3 (Int-2), which is expressed in the hindbrain adjacent to the future ear in rhombomeres 5 and 6 (r5 and r6). However, in vitro tests (Represa et al. (1991), Nature 353, 561-563) conflict with findings from FGF-3(More)
  • C Logan, R J Wingate, I J McKay, A Lumsden
  • 1998
Recent evidence suggests that in vertebrates the formation of distinct neuronal cell types is controlled by specific families of homeodomain transcription factors. Furthermore, the expression domains of a number of these genes correlates with functionally integrated neuronal populations. We have isolated two members of the divergent T-cell leukemia(More)
OBJECTIVE To study whether there is an association between the frequency of functional polymorphisms in the toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and cluster differentiation 14 (CD14) genes and periodontitis. METHODOLOGY Genotyping for the TLR4 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) Asp299Gly, Thr399Ile and the CD14 SNPs -159 and -1359 was completed for subjects(More)
The tortoise tick Amblyomma marmoreum was collected from large numbers of reptiles and other animals during the course of numerous surveys conducted in South Africa. A total of 1229 ticks, of which 550 were adults, were recovered from 309 reptiles belonging to 13 species, with leopard tortoises, Geochelone pardalis being the most heavily infested. The 269(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand (RANKL) is responsible for the induction of osteoclastogenesis and bone resorption, whereas its decoy receptor, osteoprotegerin, can directly block this action. Because this dyad of cytokines is crucial for regulating the bone remodelling process, imbalances in their expression may(More)
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is a potent stimulator of bone resorption and is strongly implicated in the destruction due to bystander damage seen in periodontal disease. Recent studies suggest that polymorphisms of the (IL-1) gene complex may be significant risk factors for a number of chronic inflammatory diseases. The severity of periodontal disease has been(More)
The incidence of limb bone fracture and subsequent morbidity and mortality due to excessive bone loss is increasing in the progressively ageing populations of both men and women. In contrast to bone loss in the weight-bearing limb, bone mass in the protective skull vault is maintained. One explanation for this could be anatomically diverse bone matrix(More)
Pseudowollastonite ceramic (psW) is a bioactive ceramic that binds to bone when implanted in vivo and may be useful for the treatment of skeletal defects. However, there have been no studies that examined the interaction between psW and osteoblastic cells in vitro. This study investigated the suitability of psW as a substratum for cell attachment and the(More)