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1H NMR spectroscopy is one of the techniques whose potential is currently being explored in the emerging field of metabolomics. It is a non-targeted method, producing signals for all proton-containing chemical species. For crude plant materials the spectra are always complex, with many signals overlapping. Hence a most suitable approach for analysing them(More)
The lantibiotic nisin is an antimicrobial peptide produced by Lactococcus lactis. As with all lantibiotics, nisin contains a number of dehydro-residues and thioether amino acids that introduce five lanthionine rings into the target peptide. These atypical amino acids are introduced by post-translational modification of a ribosomally synthesized precursor(More)
The maize transcription factors LC and C1 were simultaneously overexpressed in tomato with the aim of producing lines with increased amounts of flavonols. The metabolite composition of these genetically modified tomatoes has been compared with that of azygous (nonmodified) controls grown side-by-side under the same conditions. It has been possible to(More)
Liquid-state NMR spectroscopy was used to follow the compositional changes in mango juice during ripening, whereas MAS and HR-MAS techniques enabled resolved (13)C and (1)H NMR spectra of mango pulps to be recorded. Spectral assignment enabled the identification of several organic acids, amino acids, and other minor components, and the compositional changes(More)
Four related phenolic amides previously undescribed from the species were revealed during metabolic profiling of potato (Solanum tuberosum) tubers. N(1),N(12)-Bis(dihydrocaffeoyl)spermine (kukoamine A) and N(1),N(8)-bis(dihydrocaffeoyl)spermidine were positively identified by comparison with authentic standards, while the structures(More)
(1)H NMR spectroscopy of aqueous fecal extracts has been used to investigate differences in metabolic activity of gut microbiota in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) (n = 13), irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) (n = 10), and healthy controls (C) (n = 22). Up to four samples per individual were collected over 2 years giving a total of 124 samples.(More)
1D NMR (1H and 13C) and 2D NMR spectroscopy have been used to determine the structure of feruloylated oligosaccharides obtained by enzymic degradation or mild acid hydrolysis of sugar-beet pulp. Feruloylated oligosaccharides derived from pectic neutral side-chains containing arabinose or galactose residues were identified. In the feruloylated arabinose(More)
A cinnamoyl esterase, ferulic acid esterase A, from Aspergillus niger releases ferulic acid and 5-5- and 8-O-4-dehydrodiferulic acids from plant cell walls. The breakage of one or both ester bonds from dehydrodimer cross-links between plant cell wall polymers is essential for optimal action of carbohydrases on these substrates, but it is not known if(More)
There is a growing interest in producing food plants with increased amounts of flavonoids because of their potential health benefits. Tomatoes contain small amounts of flavonoids, most of which are located in the peel of the fruit. It has been shown that flavonoid accumulation in tomato flesh, and hence an overall increase in flavonoid levels in tomato(More)
The hydration behaviour of a purified high-M(r) subunit of glutenin has been studied using Fourier transform infra-red (FTIR) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The water-insoluble protein was examined in an unalkylated form with intermolecular disulfide bonds, and in a reduced and alkylated (unpolymerized) form. Hydration produced a marked(More)