Ian J. Bingham

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Root systems of individual crop plants may encounter large variations in mechanical impedance to root penetration. Split-root experiments were conducted to compare the effects of spatial variation in soil strength on the morphological plasticity of wheat and barley roots, and its relationship to shoot growth. Plants of spring barley (Hordeum vulgare cv(More)
Barley is cultivated both in highly productive agricultural systems and also in marginal and subsistence environments. Its distribution is worldwide and is of considerable economic importance for animal feed and alcohol production. The overall importance of barley as a human food is minor but there is much potential for new uses exploiting the health(More)
Barley is one of the world’s most important crops providing food and related products for millions of people. Diseases continue to pose a serious threat to barley production, despite the use of fungicides and resistant varieties, highlighting the impact of fungicide resistance and the breakdown of host plant resistance on the efficacy of control measures.(More)
Six to seven week old red clover plants (Trifolium pratense L. cv Merviot) were used to investigate the time-course of root senescence following complete and permanent excision from the shoot. Plants were grown in sand culture watered with nutrient solution. After excision of the shoots, roots were left in situ and sampled over a period of up to 42 days.(More)
Cortical senescence is an important feature of the roots of a number of graminaceous species because it may contribute to rhizodeposition of carbon and influence the efficiency of nutrient uptake. A major limitation to understanding the physiological control of senescence and its impact on rhizosphere processes has been the lack of reliable techniques for(More)
Plant tolerance to biotic stresses (mostly limited here to fungal pathogens and insects) is the ability of a plant to maintain performance in the presence of expressed disease or insect herbivory. It differs from resistance (the capacity to eliminate or limit pests and pathogens by genetic and molecular mechanisms) and avoidance (the ability to escape(More)
The effect of low root temperature on the growth and K requirements of young tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. cv Sonatine) plants was investigated. When K was supplied in solution at high concentration (5 mM), lowering the temperature of the root system from 25° to 15°C reduced the relative growth rate so that after ten days plant dry weight was 60%(More)
Tolerance is defined as the ability of one cultivar to yield more than another cultivar under similar disease severity. If both cultivars suffer an equal loss in healthy (green) leaf area duration (HAD) over the grain filling period due to disease presence, then the yield loss per unit HAD loss is smaller for a more tolerant cultivar. Little is understood(More)
Although organic carbon sequestration in agricultural soils has been recommended as a 'win-win strategy' for mitigating climate change and ensuring food security, great uncertainty still remains in identifying the relationships between soil organic carbon (SOC) sequestration and crop productivity. Using data from 17 long-term experiments in China we(More)
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