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A dichoptic display in which the images are cyclorotated in opposite directions does not appear inclined. This suggests that perceived inclination depends on the difference between horizontal-shear and vertical-shear disparity. Large random-dot stereoscopic displays were presented with various types of shear disparity. Perceived inclination was the same(More)
Perceived slant produced by size disparities in random-dot displays was measured by tactile matching. For a 60 deg surface, slant produced by vertical-size disparity (the induced effect) was opposite to that produced by horizontal-size disparity. Overall-size disparity produced a little slant. With small displays, effects of horizontal and vertical(More)
Three types of visual information contribute to the sense of self orientation with respect to gravity: visual polarity of objects with a distinct top and bottom, the principal vertical and horizontal lines of the visual environment, and visual motion. Three visual displays were designed to investigate the contribution of each visual feature to illusory self(More)
By the use of scleral search coils a continuous record of human cyclovergence was obtained while two identical 80° textured patterns, presented dichoptically, oscillated in the frontal plane in counterphase through 1, 3 and 6° of cyclorotation at frequencies between 0.05 and 2 Hz. The amplitude and gain of the response decreased exponentially with(More)
Continuous records of optokinetic torsion to sinusoidal inputs were obtained using the electromagnetic scleral search-coil technique. We measured the gain and phase lag of optokinetic torsion in response to a spherical visual display rotating steadily at various angular velocities and sinusoidally at frequencies from 0.2 to 2.0 Hz and at amplitudes from 10(More)
In studies where it is reported that illusory self-rotation (circular vection) is induced more by peripheral displays than by central displays, eccentricity may have been confounded with perceived relative distance and area. Experiments are reported in which the direction and magnitude of vection induced by a central display in the presence of a surround(More)
Inspection of a visual scene rotating about the vertical body axis induces a compelling sense of self rotation, or circular vection. Circular vection is suppressed by stationary objects seen beyond the moving display but not by stationary objects in the foreground. We hypothesised that stationary objects in the foreground facilitate vection because they(More)
Several investigators have reported that voluntary pursuit of a moving object is less smooth when it moves over a textured background compared with when it moves over a dark background. Furthermore, when a person fixates a stationary target on a moving background, microdrifts of the eyes occur in the direction of motion of the background. These two facts(More)
It has previously been reported that illusory self-rotation (circular vection) is most effectively induced by the more distant of two moving displays. Experiments are reported in which the relative effectiveness of two superimposed displays in generating circular vection as a function of (i) the separation in depth between them, (ii) their perceived(More)