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A dichoptic display in which the images are cyclorotated in opposite directions does not appear inclined. This suggests that perceived inclination depends on the difference between horizontal-shear and vertical-shear disparity. Large random-dot stereoscopic displays were presented with various types of shear disparity. Perceived inclination was the same(More)
In studies where it is reported that illusory self-rotation (circular vection) is induced more by peripheral displays than by central displays, eccentricity may have been confounded with perceived relative distance and area. Experiments are reported in which the direction and magnitude of vection induced by a central display in the presence of a surround(More)
Previous studies have generally considered heading perception to be a visual task. However, since judgments of heading direction are required only during self-motion, there are several other relevant senses which could provide supplementary and, in some cases, necessary information to make accurate and precise judgments of the direction of self-motion. We(More)
Inspection of a visual scene rotating about the vertical body axis induces a compelling sense of self rotation, or circular vection. Circular vection is suppressed by stationary objects seen beyond the moving display but not by stationary objects in the foreground. We hypothesised that stationary objects in the foreground facilitate vection because they(More)
By the use of scleral search coils a continuous record of human cyclovergence was obtained while two identical 80° textured patterns, presented dichoptically, oscillated in the frontal plane in counterphase through 1, 3 and 6° of cyclorotation at frequencies between 0.05 and 2 Hz. The amplitude and gain of the response decreased exponentially with(More)
A stereo analogue of the Comsweet tuminance illusion was discovered. and measured by a null method. Two flat vertical textured surfaces in the frontoparallel plane met at a vertical boundary, at which the left-hand surface curved slightly forward and the right-hand surface curved back by an equal amount. The protruding left edge was jointed to the receding(More)
It has previously been reported that illusory self-rotation (circular vection) is most effectively induced by the more distant of two moving displays. Experiments are reported in which the relative effectiveness of two superimposed displays in generating circular vection as a function of (i) the separation in depth between them, (ii) their perceived(More)
We investigated the upper limit of horizontal spatial modulation of vertical-size disparity in a textured surface for the perception of depth. In Experiment 1 subjects matched the appearance of a surface with modulated horizontal-size disparity to that of a surface with modulated vertical-size disparity. In Experiment 2 we determined the threshold amplitude(More)
Continuous records of optokinetic torsion to sinusoidal inputs were obtained using the electromagnetic scleral search-coil technique. We measured the gain and phase lag of optokinetic torsion in response to a spherical visual display rotating steadily at various angular velocities and sinusoidally at frequencies from 0.2 to 2.0 Hz and at amplitudes from 10(More)