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Proton NMR spectra were produced for Graafian follicular fluids obtained by aspiration from sheep, pig and cow ovaries. The following low molecular mass, non-protein-bound metabolites were detected at concentrations exceeding 0.1 mM: acetate, alanine, creatinine/creatine, glycine, D-3-hydroxybutyrate, lactate, valine. Glucose was difficult to quantify and(More)
A novel amino acid, di-isodityrosine, has been isolated from hydrolysates of cell walls of tomato cell culture. Analysis by UV spectrometry, partial derivatization with 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene and mass and NMR spectrometry show that the compound is composed to two molecules of isodityrosine, joined by a biphenyl linkage. The possible reactions involved in(More)
Driselase-digestion of cell walls from suspension-cultures of spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.), followed by anion-exchange chromatography, gel-permeation chromatography, preparative paper chromatography and preparative paper electrophoresis, yielded ten uronic acid-containing products in addition to free galacturonic acid (GalA). These included(More)
The amino acid leucine is efficiently used by the trypanosomatid Leishmania mexicana for sterol biosynthesis. The incubation of [2-(13)C]leucine with L. mexicana promastigotes in the presence of ketoconazole gave 14alpha-methylergosta-8,24(24(1))-3beta-ol as the major sterol, which was shown by mass spectrometry to contain up to six atoms of (13)C per(More)
An oxidatively coupled trimer of tyrosine has been isolated from hydrolysates of primary cell walls of a tomato cell culture. UV-absorption, fluorescence and 1H NMR spectra showed that the trimer was pulcherosine, composed of isodityrosine and tyrosine oxidatively coupled via a biphenyl linkage such that the aromatic core is(More)
The high aspect ratio vessel allows the culture of primary porcine hepatocytes in an environment of low shear stress and simulated microgravity. Primary porcine hepatocytes have been difficult to maintain in culture long term while preserving their metabolic functions. This study was carried out in order to characterise key metabolic functions of cell(More)
Mixed-linkage (1→3),(1→4)-β-d-glucan (MLG) is a biologically and technologically important hemicellulose, known to occur in three widely separated lineages: the Poales (including grasses and cereals), Equisetum (fern-allies), and some lichens e.g. Iceland moss (Cetraria islandica). Lichenase (E.C. is widely assumed to hydrolyse all (1→4) bonds(More)
AIM To identify plasma metabolites used as biomarkers in order to distinguish cirrhotics from controls and encephalopathics. METHODS A clinical study involving stable cirrhotic patients with and without overt hepatic encephalopathy was designed. A control group of healthy volunteers was used. Plasma from those patients was analysed using (1)H - nuclear(More)
AIM To investigate glucose homeostasis and in particular gluconeogenesis in a large animal model of acute liver failure (ALF). METHODS Six pigs with paracetamol induced ALF under general anaesthesia were studied over 25 h. Plasma samples were withdrawn every five hours from a central vein. Three animals were used as controls and were maintained under(More)
Proton NMR spectroscopy of biological fluids has produced interesting results lately. We used the technique to investigate the effects of cryopreservation on primary porcine hepatocytes as successful cryopreservation of primary porcine hepatocytes is of importance to the development of bioartificial liver support systems. After isolation 10(8) hepatocytes(More)