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The biogenesis and maintenance of mitochondria relies on a sizable number of proteins. Many of these proteins are organized into complexes, which are located in the mitochondrial inner membrane. Blue Native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (BN-PAGE) is a method for the isolation of intact protein complexes. Although it was initially used to study(More)
Mitochondrial ribosomes and translation factors co-purify with mitochondrial nucleoids of human cells, based on affinity protein purification of tagged mitochondrial DNA binding proteins. Among the most frequently identified proteins were ATAD3 and prohibitin, which have been identified previously as nucleoid components, using a variety of methods. Both(More)
Previous data from our laboratory suggested that replication of mammalian mitochondrial DNA initiates exclusively at or near to the formerly designated origin of heavy strand replication, OH, and proceeds unidirectionally from that locus. New results obtained using two-dimensional agarose gel electrophoresis of replication intermediates demonstrate that(More)
In vitro studies of muscle mitochondrial metabolism in patients with mitochondrial myopathy have identified a variety of functional defects of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, predominantly affecting complex I (NADH-CoQ reductase) or complex III (ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase) in adult cases. These two enzymes consist of approximately 36 subunits,(More)
Human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) is localized to mitochondria, as well as the nucleus, but details about its biology and function in the organelle remain largely unknown. Here we show, using multiple approaches, that mammalian TERT is mitochondrial, co-purifying with mitochondrial nucleoids and tRNAs. We demonstrate the canonical nuclear RNA(More)
Mitochondrial DNA is arranged in nucleoprotein complexes, or nucleoids. Nucleoid proteins include not only factors involved in replication and transcription but also structural proteins required for mitochondrial DNA maintenance. Although several nucleoid proteins have been identified and characterized in yeast over the course of the past decade, little was(More)
Analysis of mammalian mtDNA by two-dimensional agarose gel electrophoresis revealed two classes of replication intermediate. One was resistant to single-strand nuclease digestion and displayed the mobility properties of coupled leading- and lagging- strand replication products. Intermediates of coupled, unidirectional mtDNA replication were found in mouse(More)
Emerin is a nuclear membrane protein that interacts with lamin A/C at the nuclear envelope. Mutations in either emerin or lamin A/C cause Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD). The functions of emerin are poorly understood, but EDMD affects mainly skeletal and cardiac muscle. We used a high-stringency yeast two-hybrid method to screen a human heart cDNA(More)
The observation that long tracts of RNA are associated with replicating molecules of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) suggests that the mitochondrial genome of mammals is copied by an unorthodox mechanism. Here we show that these RNA-containing species are present in living cells and tissue, based on interstrand cross-linking. Using DNA synthesis in organello, we(More)
Analysis of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in muscle and blood from 72 patients with mitochondrial myopathy showed that 30 had major deletions of a variable proportion of muscle mtDNA. All of these 30 patients presented with progressive external ophthalmoplegia and limb weakness, and 8 had the additional features of the Kearns-Sayre syndrome. Of the 42 patients(More)