Ian Gordon Burwash

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BACKGROUND Only limited data on the rate of hemodynamic progression and predictors of outcome in asymptomatic patients with valvular aortic stenosis (AS) are available. METHODS AND RESULTS In 123 adults (mean age, 63 +/- 16 years) with asymptomatic AS, annual clinical, echocardiographic, and exercise data were obtained prospectively (mean follow-up of 2.5(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with severe aortic stenosis and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) have a poor prognosis with conservative therapy but a high operative mortality when treated surgically. Recently, transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has emerged as an alternative to surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) for patients(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have demonstrated increased left ventricular contractility with cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) using atriobiventricular stimulation. This study evaluated the effect of CRT on myocardial oxidative metabolism and efficiency. METHODS AND RESULTS Eight patients with New York Heart Association functional class III-IV(More)
OBJECTIVE The effect of prosthesis-patient mismatch on clinical outcome and left ventricular mass regression after aortic valve replacement remains controversial. Data on whether the clinical effect of prosthesis-patient mismatch depends on left ventricular function at the time of aortic valve replacement are lacking. This study examined the long-term(More)
BACKGROUND We examined factors associated with persistent or recurrent congestive heart failure after aortic valve replacement. METHODS Patients who underwent aortic valve replacement with contemporary prostheses (n = 1563) were followed up with annual clinical assessment and echocardiography. The effect of demographic, comorbid, and valve-related(More)
BACKGROUND Concomitant functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) in patients undergoing aortic valve replacement (AVR) is frequently not corrected because it may improve after AVR; however, data supporting this assumption are sparse. We ascertained the impact of clinical and echocardiographic parameters on the outcome of patients with or without concomitant FMR(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY Because the hemodynamic basis of aortic valve area (AVA) has never been validated in vivo, several alternative indices have been proposed to quantify the severity of aortic stenosis (AS). This study was designed to assess the fluid-dynamics of aortic valve stenosis in order to clarify which index best accounts for disease(More)
Infective endocarditis caused by zoonotic microorganisms is an uncommon clinical entity. A 55-year-old man was diagnosed with endocarditis due to Capnocytophaga canimorsus, a commensal bacterium contained in the saliva of dogs, that involved the aortic and tricuspid valves and was complicated by a para-aortic valve abscess and aorta-to-right atrial fistula.(More)
BACKGROUND Decision making in patients with low flow-low gradient aortic stenosis mainly depends on the actual stenosis severity and left ventricular function, which is of prognostic importance. We used 2-dimensional strain parameters measured by speckle tracking at rest and during dobutamine stress echocardiography to document the extent of myocardial(More)
BACKGROUND It has been previously demonstrated that a new index of aortic stenosis (AS) severity derived from dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE), the projected aortic valve area (AVA) at a normal transvalvular flow rate (AVA(proj)), is superior to traditional Doppler echocardiographic indices to discriminate true severe from pseudosevere low-gradient(More)