Ian G McFarlane

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UNLABELLED Diagnosis of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) may be challenging. However, early diagnosis is important because immunosuppression is life-saving. Diagnostic criteria of the International Autoimmune Hepatitis Group (IAIHG) were complex and purely meant for scientific purposes. This study of the IAIHG aims to define simplified diagnostic criteria for(More)
After nearly 18 years of research, the association between human leukocyte antigens A1-B8-DR3 and autoimmune chronic active hepatitis still provokes debate. The principal reasons for this are disease heterogeneity and racial variation in the distribution of human leukocyte antigens between populations. The aim of the present study was to reexamine the(More)
A specific and sensitive radioimmunoassay was used to measure the levels of antibody to a liver-specific membrane lipoprotein in patients with acute and chronic liver disease. Antibody was detected in 29 of 30 patients with chronic active hepatitis (all of 15 HBsAg-negative and 14 of 15 HBsAg-positive cases), and in 10 of 17 patients with chronic persistent(More)
BACKGROUND In most patients with autoimmune hepatitis, remission can be maintained with prednisolone, usually in combination with azathioprine, but the majority of patients have a relapse when treatment is stopped and therefore require long-term therapy. Because prolonged corticosteroid therapy may have serious toxic effects, in 1984 we undertook a(More)
To resolve conflicting reports about the occurrence of antibodies against hepatitis C virus (HCV) in patients with autoimmune chronic active hepatitis (AI-CAH), sera from UK and Italian patients were tested with the original anti-HCV assay (Ortho) and a novel anti-HCV assay (UBI) based entirely on synthetic HCV peptides. 28 (60%) of 47 Italian patients with(More)
Susceptibility to autoimmune hepatitis in white patients is associated with the human leukocyte antigen class II antigens DR3 and DR4. To analyze the molecular basis of these associations, we used oligonucleotide probes to determine the DRB, DQA and DQB hypervariable nucleotide sequences in 119 patients with autoimmune hepatitis and 177 matched controls.(More)
The value of serum autoantibodies against the liver-specific membrane lipoprotein (LSP) complex in predicting the outcome of treatment withdrawal was assessed in 22 patients with autoimmune chronic active hepatitis who had been maintained in remission on azathioprine and/or prednisolone. At the start of treatment withdrawal 8 patients had anti-LSP(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) predominantly affects women. Reasons for this are unclear and few series have assessed long-term outcomes of men with AIH. METHODS To evaluate the clinical course and outcomes of 51 men from a total of 238 consecutive patients with definite AIH at a single centre from 1971 to 2005. The primary outcome measure was(More)