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BACKGROUND Previous studies have suggested that cimetidine, a histamine-2 receptor antagonist with immunostimulatory effects, may improve survival in patients with colorectal carcinoma. This effect may be apparent by an increase in the number of peritumoral lymphocytes. A prospective, double blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of a short course of(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS It is well established that exposure to 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) inhibits the proliferation of human colorectal cancer and hepatoma cell lines, both in vitro and in vivo. However, clinical trials of the administration of 1,25(OH)2D3 and analogs for the treatment of malignancy have been limited by the development of(More)
BACKGROUND A novel prosthetic anal sphincter (PAS) has been developed that aims to occlude by flattening and angulating the bowel, reproducing the action of the puborectalis muscle. The safety of the PAS has been confirmed in biomechanical, in vitro and long-term animal survival studies. The Medical Devices Agency approved implantation in 12 patients. (More)
OBJECTIVE An 'occult' rectal prolapse may be diagnosed during investigation of altered bowel habit. It has been suggested that the outcome of surgery for these patients may be associated with results that are inferior to those achieved in patients with overt rectal prolapse. This study compares the results of surgery for 'occult' and overt rectal prolapse(More)
The rates of growth of 29 hepatic metastases from 15 patients with primary colorectal carcinoma were studied using serial computed tomography (CT). Eleven metastases were found by the surgeon at laparotomy (overt metastases); the remaining eighteen were not evident to the surgeon at laparotomy, but were detected by CT scan during the immediate postoperative(More)
Fifty one patients were studied prospectively to evaluate the role of sequential determinations of the carcino-embryonic antigen concentration in the detection of asymptomatic disseminated disease after curative resection for colorectal carcinoma. Computed tomography of the liver was performed during the immediate postoperative period in all patients. Serum(More)
BACKGROUND Bariatric surgery is a clinically effective treatment for obesity and has been shown to be cost-effective. The impact of bariatric surgery on the subsequent ability to work and the uptake of state-funded benefits is not well documented. METHODS A consecutive series of 79 patients who had undergone laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGBP)(More)
PURPOSE Panproctocolectomy and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis is the operation of choice for patients with ulcerative colitis and familial polyposis. The long-term nutritional consequences after pouch surgery are unknown. We have assessed the nutritional status of the essential trace elements-zinc, copper, manganese, and selenium-in patients several years(More)
PURPOSE The traditional treatment of a complex high fistula-in-ano by internal sphincterotomy and insertion of a cutting seton carries a risk of fecal incontinence. We have assessed the functional impact of treating patients with a complex fistula-in-ano by a cutting seton fistulotomy technique that preserves the internal sphincter. METHODS The operative(More)