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BACKGROUND Not all cognitively impaired people have dementia, but those who do not meet current criteria for dementia have received little study. We report a comprehensive estimate of the prevalence of "cognitive impairment, no dementia" (CIND) in an elderly population. METHODS The Canadian Study of Health and Aging gathered population representation(More)
BACKGROUND Recent reports suggest a possibly protective effect for statins in patients with Alzheimer disease. This association could be due to indication bias, i.e., people who elect to take lipid-lowering agents (LLAs) may be healthier than those who do not, so that it may be these other health factors that explain their lower risk of dementia. (More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether neuropsychological tests accurately predict incident Alzheimer disease (AD) after 5 and 10 years in participants of the Canadian Study of Health and Aging (CSHA) who were initially nondemented. METHODS The CSHA was conducted in three waves: CSHA-1 (1991 to 1992), CSHA-2 (1996 to 1997), and CSHA-3 (2001 to 2002). The 10-year(More)
A prospective analysis of risk factors for Alzheimer's disease was a major objective of the Canadian Study of Health and Aging, a nationwide, population-based study. Of 6,434 eligible subjects aged 65 years or older in 1991, 4,615 were alive in 1996 and participated in the follow-up study. All participants were cognitively normal in 1991 when they completed(More)
BACKGROUND There is no single generally accepted clinical definition of frailty. Previously developed tools to assess frailty that have been shown to be predictive of death or need for entry into an institutional facility have not gained acceptance among practising clinicians. We aimed to develop a tool that would be both predictive and easy to use. (More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the importance of vascular cognitive impairment and its three subgroups (cognitive impairment, no dementia; vascular dementia; and AD with a vascular component) to the prevalence and burden of cognitive impairment in elderly people. BACKGROUND Vascular lesions may produce a spectrum of cognitive changes. Omitting elderly patients whose(More)
CONTEXT The importance of early identification of dementia has prompted numerous investigations of mild cognitive impairment and the preclinical stages of progressive degenerative disorders. To date, there is limited information from large-scale studies regarding outcomes of persons specifically identified with cognitive impairment but no dementia (CIND).(More)
UNLABELLED As people lead longer and generally healthier lives, aspirations and expectations of health care extend to include well-being and enhanced quality of life. Several measurement scales exist to evaluate how well health care reaches these goals. However, the definitions of well-being or quality of life remain open to considerable debate, which(More)
The objectives of this study were to assess whether Teng's modification of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) improves its performance as a screening test for cognitive impairment and dementia, and to replicate this comparison in French and English language groups, and for differing assumptions concerning the relative importance of false negative and(More)
Standardization of diagnostic procedures for cognitive impairment in large epidemiologic surveys remains difficult. This paper reports results of diagnostic standardization in a subsample of 2,914 elderly (age 65 years+) Canadians from the Canadian Study of Health and Aging (CSHA; n = 10,263). The objectives were to measure the consistency of the CSHA(More)