Ian Dransfield

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Apoptosis, which is a programmed and physiological form of cell death, is known to shape the immune system by regulating populations of effector lymphocytes. However, the binding and ingestion of dying cells by monocytes/macrophages and dendritic cells can also influence immune responses markedly by enhancing or suppressing inflammation. Therefore, dead(More)
The integrin lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) expressed on T cells serves as a useful model for analysis of leukocyte integrin functional activity. We have assessed the role of divalent cations Mg2+, Ca2+, and Mn2+ in LFA-1 binding to ligand intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and induction of the divalent cation-dependent epitope(More)
Apoptosis is essential for clearance of potentially injurious inflammatory cells and subsequent efficient resolution of inflammation. Here we report that human neutrophils contain functionally active cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs), and that structurally diverse CDK inhibitors induce caspase-dependent apoptosis and override powerful anti-apoptosis signals(More)
Resistance to chemotherapy is a principal problem in the treatment of small cell lung cancer (SCLC). We show here that SCLC is surrounded by an extensive stroma of extracellular matrix (ECM) at both primary and metastatic sites. Adhesion of SCLC cells to ECM enhances tumorigenicity and confers resistance to chemotherapeutic agents as a result of β1(More)
Granulocyte apoptosis is an important mechanism underlyeffect of TNF-a was concentration-dependent (EC50 2.8 ng/ mL), abolished by TNF-a neutralizing antibody, and was not ing the removal of redundant neutrophils from an inflammatory focus. The ability of many proinflammatory agents associated with any change in cell viability or recovery. Of relevance to(More)
Phagocyte recognition of cells that have undergone apoptosis (programmed cell death) is an event of broad biological significance. Characterized by endogenous endonuclease activation, which results in chromatin fragmentation and nuclear condensation, apoptosis leads to swift ingestion of intact but 'senescent' or 'unwanted' cells by phagocytes in processes(More)
We have used a panel of monoclonal antibodies and lectins to examine the profile of surface molecule expression on human neutrophils that have undergone spontaneous apoptosis during in vitro culture. Neutrophil apoptosis was found to be accompanied by down-regulation of the immunoglobulin superfamily members PECAM-1 (CD31), ICAM-3 (CD50), CD66acde, and(More)
The clearance of apoptotic cells is critical for both tissue homeostasis and the resolution of inflammation. We found that the TAM receptor tyrosine kinases Axl and Mer had distinct roles as phagocytic receptors in these two settings, in which they exhibited divergent expression, regulation and activity. Mer acted as a tolerogenic receptor in resting(More)
The resolution of acute inflammation requires bulk clearance of extravasated inflammatory cells in an ordered manner. Neutrophils undergo apoptosis and are ingested by macrophages (M psi) via a novel recognition mechanism that fails to provoke proinflammatory responses. Thereafter, the fate of inflammatory M psi themselves remains unclear. We investigated(More)
Apoptosis of inflammatory cells and their subsequent clearance (efferocytosis) by macrophages (Mphis) are key mechanisms orchestrating successful resolution of inflammation. Although the powerful proinflammatory agents lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) influence rates of inflammatory cell apoptosis, little is known about(More)