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The discovery that the herbicide paraquat was selectively accumulated by the lung, both in vivo and in vitro, in comparison with other tissues, provided an explanation for its selective toxicity to the lung. This uptake process is energy dependent and obeys saturation kinetics. A characterization of the process led to the identification of endogenous(More)
Cultured cerebellar granule cells and cerebellar slices from neonatal rats have been widely used to examine the biochemistry of excitatory amino acid-induced cell death mediated in part by the activation of NMDA receptors. However, the NMDA subunit stoichiometry, producing functional NMDA receptors is different in cultured granule cells, neonatal and adult(More)
The agrochemical intermediate, L-2-Chloropropionic acid (L-2-CPA) and D-2-chloropropionic acid (D-CPA), when administered separately by oral gavage to rats, produced extensive cerebellar granule cell necrosis (> 80%) characterised by varying degrees of nuclear condensation and nuclear karyorrhexis. In contrast a few necrotic Purkinje cells (< 5%) were(More)
I n the summer of 2009, U.S. payroll employment continued to fall as a result of the recession that began more than a year and a half earlier in December 2007. The recession has been one of the most severe since World War II, with the unemployment rate jumping from 4.7 percent in November 2007 to 10.2 percent in October 2009. However, as with other business(More)
Daily oral administration of 2.3 mmol/kg L-2-chloropropionic acid (L-2-CPA), DL-2-bromopropionic acid (2-BPA) or DL-2-iodopropionic acid (2-/PA) but not DL-2-fluoropropionic acid (2-FPA) produced cerebellar granule cell necrosis in the rat. Twenty four hours after three doses of L-2-CPA or two doses of 2-BPA, animals showed clinical signs of motor(More)
We have used the model of L-2-chloropropionic acid (L-CPA)-induced selective cerebellar granule necrosis to study excitatory amino acid-induced necrotic cell death in vivo produced by the activation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. However, the mechanism for the NMDA receptor activation and the biochemical events which dictate the anatomical(More)
The systemic administration of L-2-chloropropionic acid (L-CPA) to rats produced a marked depletion of cerebellar granule cells (> 80% of the total) when administered in a single oral dose of 750 or 250 mg/kg/day for 3 days. The nature of the L-CPA-induced neurotoxicity is currently unknown but it exhibits a number of features in common with excitatory(More)
1p4studied the effect of L-2-chloropropionic acid (L-CPA)-induced (250 mg/kg/po/day for 3 days) neurotoxicity, which results in an almost total destruction of cerebellar granule cells over 5 days, on forebrain and cerebellar neurochemistry. There was a reduction in cerebellar aspartate and glutamate concentrations of L-CPA-treated rats and a reduction in(More)
L-2-Chloropropionic acid (L-2-CPA) selectively damages the cerebellum in adult rats. The rat cerebellum continues to develop postnatally during the first 4 weeks of life. In this study we examined the neurotoxic effect on rats of increasing postnatal age. Daily oral dosing of rats aged 56 days with 250 mg/kg per day of L-2-CPA for 3 days produced necrosis(More)