Ian D. Waddell

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Skeletal muscle atrophy and weakness are thought to be stimulated by tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) in a variety of chronic diseases. However, little is known about the direct effects of TNF-alpha on differentiated skeletal muscle cells or the signaling mechanisms involved. We have tested the effects of TNF-alpha on the mouse-derived C2C12 muscle(More)
Glucokinase (GK) has a major role in the control of blood glucose homeostasis and is a strong potential target for the pharmacological treatment of type 2 diabetes. We report here the mechanism of action of two novel and potent direct activators of GK: 6-[(3-isobutoxy-5-isopropoxybenzoyl)amino]nicotinic acid(GKA1) and(More)
In some inflammatory diseases, TNF-alpha is thought to stimulate muscle catabolism via an NF-kappaB-dependent process that increases ubiquitin conjugation to muscle proteins. The transcriptional mechanism of this response has not been determined. Here we studied the potential role of UbcH2, a ubiquitin carrier protein and homologue of murine E220k. We find(More)
A novel protein, proteolysis-inducing factor (PIF), has been isolated from the urine of patients with pancreatic cancer and is capable of inducing muscle proteolysis in vitro. Only adult skeletal muscle and liver exhibit substantial binding of PIF. We have investigated the effect of PIF on hepatic gene expression. Primary cultures of human hepatocytes and(More)
Novel derivatives of the steroid DHEA 1, a known uncompetitive inhibitor of G6PD, were designed, synthesized, and tested for their ability to inhibit this dehydrogenase enzyme. Several compounds with approximately 10-fold improved potency in an enzyme assay were identified, and this improved activity translated to efficacy in a cellular assay. The SAR for(More)
The phosphohydrolase component of the microsomal glucose-6-phosphatase system has been identified as a 36.5-kDa polypeptide by 32P-labeling of the phosphoryl-enzyme intermediate formed during steady-state hydrolysis. A 36.5-kDa polypeptide was labeled when disrupted rat hepatic microsomes were incubated with three different 32P-labeled substrates for the(More)
1. Type 1b and type 1c glycogen-storage disease are caused respectively by deficiencies of the glucose-6-phosphate translocase and the phosphate/pyrophosphate translocase of the human hepatic microsomal glucose-6-phosphatase system. 2. Current methods of unequivocally diagnosing type 1b and type 1c glycogen storage disease are indirect and complex. 3. We(More)