Ian D. Holland

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The main drawback in communicating via the free space optical (FSO) channel is the detrimental effect the atmosphere has on a propagating laser beam. Atmospheric turbulence causes random fluctuations in the irradiance of the received optical laser beam, commonly referred to as scintillation. This paper investigates the use of multiple lasers and multiple(More)
High speed frequency dividers are critical parts of frequency synthesisers in wireless systems. These dividers allow the output frequency from a voltage controlled oscillator to be compared with a much lower external reference frequency that is commonly used in these synthesisers. Common trade-offs in high frequency dividers are speed of division, power(More)
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