Ian D. Buchanan

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A suite of 30 primarily estrogenic organic wastewater contaminants was measured in several influent/effluent wastewater samples from four municipal wastewater treatment plants and effluents from one bleached kraft pulp mill (BKME) using an ultra-trace analytical method based on gas chromatography-high resolution mass spectroscopy (GC-HRMS). In vitro(More)
We developed a toxicity identification fractionation (TIF) procedure to determine estrogenic compounds in wastewaters and sludge. The procedure consisted in fractionation of samples through a C(18) solid-phase extraction cartridge, in which Fraction I contained nonylphenol (NP) and its mono (NPEO(1)) and diethoxylate (NPEO(2)) and the markers of faecal(More)
Thirteen strains of inky-cap mushroom Coprinus species were evaluated for the production of extracellular peroxidase. The liquid fermentation was carried out in shake flasks containing 1% glucose, 0.5% peptone, 0.3% yeast extract, and 0.3% malt extract broth at 25 degrees C. Peroxidase activity was detected in the liquid culture of several Coprinus species,(More)
Non-ligninolytic fungal peroxidases produced by Coprinus cinereus UAMH 4103 and Coprinus sp. UAMH 10067 were purified, characterized and evaluated as cost-effective alternatives to horseradish peroxidase for aqueous phenol treatment. Purified Coprinus peroxidases exhibited a molecular weight of 36 kDa on matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization(More)
The effect on process performance of adding increasing proportions of biodiesel waste glycerin (BWG) to municipal wastewater sludge (MWS) was studied using two 1300 L pilot-scale digesters under mesophilic conditions at 20 days SRT. The highest proportion of BWG that did not cause a process upset was determined to be 23% and 35% of the total 1.04 kg(More)
Optimum culture conditions for the batch production of extracellular peroxidase by Coprinus cinereus UAMH 4103 and Coprinus sp. UAMH 10067 were explored using 2 statistical experimental designs, including 2-level, 7-factor fractional factorial design and 2-factor central composite design. Of the 7 factors examined in the screening study, the concentrations(More)
The maximum feasible loading rate of grease trap waste (GTW) to the municipal wastewater sludge (MWS) was investigated using two 1300 L pilot-scale (1200 L active volume) digesters under mesophilic conditions at a 20 day solids retention time. During the co-digestion, the test reactor received a mixture of GTW and MWS while the control reactor received only(More)
In vitro monitored estrogenicity of municipal wastewater influent/effluent samples (collected from September to December from a Northern Canadian biological nutrient removal (BNR) treatment plant serving an urban population of 750,000) were combined with operational, wastewater quality, and climate data to determine which of these latter variables may be(More)
The production of extracellular peroxidase by twenty-five strains of Coprinus species was investigated for the purpose of its application to the removal of phenolic and other aromatic compounds from industrial waste streams. After initial screening experiments, the production of peroxidase by three superior strains of C cinererus UAMH 4103, UAMH 7907 and(More)
Once activated by hydrogen peroxide, horseradish peroxidase (HRP) catalyzes the oxidation of aqueous aromatic compounds to produce high molecular weight polymers of low solubility. A pseudo steady-state kinetic model of the HRP-hydrogen peroxide-aromatic compound system was modified to incorporate enzyme inactivation mechanisms in order to improve its(More)