Ian Crawford

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A short cut review was carried out to establish whether a torn frenulum in a child is indicative of non-accidental injury. Altogether 104 papers were found using the reported search, of which none presented any evidence to answer the clinical question. It is concluded that there is no evidence available to answer this question. Further research is needed.
Preface Financial support from the Nuffield Foundation (grant reference OPD/00101/G) is gratefully acknowledged. Material from the Family Expenditure Survey, made available by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) through the ESRC Data Archive, has been used by permission of the Controller of HMSO. Neither the ONS nor the ESRC Data Archive bears(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common cause of disability and death in Canada. Moreover, morbidity and mortality from COPD continue to rise, and the economic burden is enormous. The main goal of the Canadian Thoracic Society's evidence-based guidelines is to optimize early diagnosis, prevention and management of COPD in Canada. The main(More)
One hundred and twenty six strains of streptococci isolated from the bloodstreams of 123 hospital in-patients--55 with endocarditis--and 255 strains isolated from the gingival crevices of 66 volunteers were characterised. Species isolated were Streptococcus mitior, S. sanguis, undifferentiated viridans streptococci, S. salivarius, S. milleri, S. mutans, S.(More)
The temperature at which collagen denatures from a triple helix to a random coil structure is a useful measure of the degree of crosslinking. A new multi-sample denaturation temperature tester (DTT) has been constructed for rapid determination of the collagen denaturation temperature of natural tissues and collagenous biomaterials. To validate the system,(More)
A short cut review was carried out to establish whether a glucagon infusion is of benefit in patients with refractory anaphylaxis. 62 papers were found using the reported search, of which two presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes,(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the preparedness of emergency departments (EDs) in the United Kingdom (UK) for the management of potential biological incidents. METHODS We telephoned all hospitals in the UK listed as having a major ED. We surveyed their ED facilities and procedures for managing patients with infectious diseases. We determined how many of the EDs had(More)