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1. A high-throughput assay utilizing the voltage/ion probe reader (VIPR) technology identified salicylidene salicylhydrazide (SCS) as being a potent selective inhibitor of alpha2beta1gamma1 GABA(A) receptors with a maximum inhibition of 56+/-5% and an IC(50) of 32 (23, 45) nm. 2. Evaluation of this compound using patch-clamp electrophysiological techniques(More)
FtsZ is an essential bacterial guanosine triphosphatase and homolog of mammalian beta-tubulin that polymerizes and assembles into a ring to initiate cell division. We have created a class of small synthetic antibacterials, exemplified by PC190723, which inhibits FtsZ and prevents cell division. PC190723 has potent and selective in vitro bactericidal(More)
Alpha3IA (6-(4-pyridyl)-5-(4-methoxyphenyl)-3-carbomethoxy-1-methyl-1H-pyridin-2-one) is a pyridone with higher binding and functional affinity and greater inverse agonist efficacy for GABA(A) receptors containing an alpha3 rather than an alpha1, alpha2 or alpha5 subunit. If doses are selected that minimise the occupancy at these latter subtypes, then the(More)
All recombination models postulate one or more recombination intermediates that are joint molecules containing two homologous parental molecules. A spike of branched DNA molecules not seen in DNA from mitotic cells was found in the two-dimensional gel analysis of meiotic DNA from S. cerevisiae. The mass of molecules in the spike, the timing of its(More)
Chemical probes for interrogating biological processes are of considerable current interest. Cell permeable small molecule tools have a major role in facilitating the functional annotation of the human genome, understanding both physiological and pathological processes, and validating new molecular targets. To be valuable, chemical tools must satisfy(More)
Ire1 (Ern1) is an unusual transmembrane protein kinase essential for the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) unfolded protein response (UPR). Activation of Ire1 by association of its N-terminal ER luminal domains promotes autophosphorylation by its cytoplasmic kinase domain, leading to activation of the C-terminal ribonuclease domain, which splices Xbp1 mRNA(More)
A novel series of 3-heteroaryl-5,6-bis(aryl)-1-methyl-2-pyridones were developed with high affinity for the benzodiazepine (BZ) binding site of human gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA(A)) receptor ion channels, low binding selectivity for alpha 2- and/or alpha 3- over alpha 1-containing GABA(A) receptor subtypes and high binding selectivity over alpha 5(More)
  • Gerald C Nelson, Virginia Harris, Steven W Stone Washington, I Collins, Raul N Tuazon, Michele M Lemay +4 others
  • 1999
The opinions expressed herein are the responsibilities of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the Inter-American Development Bank. FOREWORD Under the mandate of its 8th Capital Replenishment, one of the Inter-American Development Bank=s fundamental objectives is to foster sustainable development in Latin America and the(More)
We report herein the first systematic exploration of inhibitors of the mitotic kinase Nek2. Starting from HTS hit aminopyrazine 2, compounds with improved activity were identified using structure-based design. Our structural biology investigations reveal two notable observations. First, 2 and related compounds bind to an unusual, inactive conformation of(More)