Ian Carmichael

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(13)C and (2)H spin-lattice relaxation times have been determined by inversion recovery in a range of site-specific (13)C- and (2)H-labeled saccharides under identical solution conditions, and the data were used to calculate deuterium nuclear quadrupolar coupling constants ((2)H NQCC) at specific sites within cyclic and acyclic forms in solution. (13)C T(1)(More)
Density functional theory (DFT) has been used to investigate the structural dependencies of NMR spin-coupling constants (J-couplings) involving the exchangeable hydroxyl protons of saccharides. 3JHCOH, 3JCCOH, and 2JCOH values were calculated at different positions in model aldopyranosyl rings as a function of one or more torsion angles, and results support(More)
Methyl alpha-cellobioside (methyl beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->4)-alpha-D-glucopyranoside) was labeled with (13)C at C4' for use in NMR studies in DMSO-d(6) solvent to attempt the detection of a trans-H-bond J-coupling ((3h)J(CCOH)) between C4' and OH3. Analysis of the OH3 signal at 600 MHz revealed only the presence of two homonuclear J-couplings:(More)
Microfocal radiography, producing x5 magnified images of the wrist and hands with a high spacial resolution (25 microns) in the film, permitted direct measurement of erosion area and joint space width in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. The magnitude of errors relating to direct measurement, repositioning the wrist and hand on successive x ray visits,(More)
Radiation damage can be a problem when utilizing ionizing X-radiation in macromolecular crystallography. The dose dependence of radiation damage to eight lysozyme crystals at room temperature (292 K) was investigated in order to provide an accurate comparison with cryotemperature (100 K) results and to allow researchers to calculate expected maximum(More)
There have been many systems developed that attempt to recover design and structure from code. In this paper, we present our experience with using one such tool, SoFi, to extract design structure from a large industrial system written in C. We compare the extracted structure to that which was intended by the designers of the system. We observe and(More)
Suspended bed chromatography (SBC) is a new hybrid technique concomitantly benefiting from batch adsorption, the process advantages of an enclosed system, and its compatibility with established commercial chromatographic contactors and adsorbents. SBC was evaluated in the anion-exchange capture and chromatographic fractionation of native(More)
The strength of the H-bond donation by alcohols is reflected in the carbon-hydrogen bond of the H-C-O-H functional group. The one-bond 13C-1H spin-spin coupling constant of hexafluoroisopropanol (HFIP) correlates with the strength of the H-bond in various HFIP-amine complexes with a slope of approximately -0.2 Hz in 1JCH per approximately 1 kJ mol(-1)(More)