Ian C. Hancock

Learn More
The binding of Mg2+ to the ribitol teichoic acid of Staphylococcus aureus H walls was examined by equilibrium dialysis in solution and in the intact wall; the influence of alanyl ester groups on binding was determined. In solution the ribitol polymer had a lower affinity than did a glycerol teichoic acid and bound Mg2+ in the ratio Mg2+/P of 1:1. The(More)
In Bacillus subtilis the Pho regulon is controlled by a sensor and regulator protein pair, PhoR and PhoP, that respond to phosphate concentrations. To facilitate studies of the Pho regulon, a strain with an altered PhoR protein was isolated by in vitro mutagenesis. The mutation in this strain (phoR12) leads to the production of a PhoR sensor kinase that,(More)
1. The effects of teichoic acids on the Mg(2+)-requirement of some membrane-bound enzymes in cell preparations from Bacillus licheniformis A.T.C.C. 9945 were examined. 2. The biosynthesis of the wall polymers poly(glycerol phosphate glucose) and poly(glycerol phosphate) by membrane-bound enzymes is strongly dependent on Mg(2+), showing maximum activity at(More)
A lead binding protein was purified from the culture filtrate of Streptomyces subrutilus P5. The subunit and native molecular weights were estimated to be 28 and 55 kDa, respectively, indicating that the protein was composed of two identical subunits. The inhibition pattern, the metal content analysis and the EPR spectrum confirmed that the protein was a(More)
The binding of Mg2+ to the wall teichoic acid of Lactobacillus buchneri N.C.I.B. 8007 was measured by equilibrium dialysis at controlled ionic concentration and pH. In an aqueous solution containing 10mM-NaCl at pH 5.0 one Mg2+ ion was bound for every two phosphate groups of the teichoic acid, with an apparent association constant, Kassoc. = 2.7 x 10(3)(More)
Membrane teichoic acids, sometimes described as lipoteichoic acids, are important but not major components of nearly all Gram-positive bacteria. They appear on the outer surface of the cytoplasmic membrane and possess antigenic properties. Several functions have been ascribed to these glycerol phosphate polymers, including the binding of divalent cations(More)
Uranyl acetate staining of thin sections allowed a distinction to be made between cell wall material that contains teichoic acid and that which contains teichuronic acid. The stain was used to study the pattern of wall assembly in Bacillus subtilis undergoing transitions between growth conditions leading to incorporation of the different anionic polymers.(More)
Determination of a heterotrophic plate count (HPC) for drinking-water samples alone is not enough to assess possible health hazards associated with sudden changes in the bacterial count. Speciation is very crucial to determine whether the population includes pathogens and (or) opportunistic pathogens. Most of the isolates recovered from drinking water(More)
Toluenised cells of Bacillus subtilis W23 synthesized the teichoic acid, poly(ribitol phosphate), from exogenous precursors. The synthesis was dependent on concomitant synthesis of the linkage unit that joins teichoic acid to peptidoglycan. Under conditions that reduced cell autolytic activity, a large proportion of the teichoic acid became linked to the(More)
Enzymes involved in the synthesis of teichoic acid and its linkage to the wall in Bacillus subtilis W23 were measured in chemostat cultures growing at equilibrium at a dilution rate of 0.2 h-1 in different concentrations of inorganic phosphate. All the enzymes, except teichoic acid glucosyl transferase, which was insensitive to changes in phosphate(More)